Fermentation is a promising solution to valorize cheese whey, the main by-product of the dairy industry. In Parmigiano Reggiano cheese production, natural whey starter (NWS), an undefined community of thermophilic lactic acid bacteria, is obtained from the previous day residual whey through incubation at gradually decreasing temperature after curd cooking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fermentation regime (spontaneous (S) and NWS-inoculated (I-NWS)) on biofunctionalities and release of bioactive peptides during whey fermentation. In S and I-NWS trials proteolysis reached a peak after 24 h, which corresponded to the drop out in pH and the maximum increase in lactic acid. Biological activities increased as a function of fermentation time. NWS inoculum positively affected antioxidant activity, whilst S overcame I-NWS in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and DPP-IV (dipeptidyl peptidase IV) inhibitory activities. Peptidomics revealed more than 400 peptides, mainly derived from β-casein, κ-casein, and α-lactalbumin. Among them, 49 were bioactive and 21 were ACE-inhibitors. Semi-quantitative analysis strongly correlated ACE-inhibitory activity with the sum of the peptide abundance of ACE-inhibitory peptides. In both samples, lactotripeptide isoleucine-proline-proline (IPP) was higher than valine-proline-proline (VPP), with the highest content in S after 24 h of fermentation. In conclusion, we demonstrated the ability of whey endogenous microbiota and NWS to extensively hydrolyze whey proteins, promoting the release of bioactive peptides and improving protein digestibility.

Impact of Spontaneous Fermentation and Inoculum with Natural Whey Starter on Peptidomic Profile and Biological Activities of Cheese Whey: A Comparative Study / MOHAMED IBRAHIM HELAL, Ahmed; Nasuti, Chiara; Sola, Laura; Sassi, Giada; Tagliazucchi, Davide; Solieri, Lisa. - In: FERMENTATION. - ISSN 2311-5637. - 9:3(2023), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/fermentation9030270]

Impact of Spontaneous Fermentation and Inoculum with Natural Whey Starter on Peptidomic Profile and Biological Activities of Cheese Whey: A Comparative Study

Ahmed Helal;Chiara Nasuti;Laura Sola;Davide Tagliazucchi;Lisa Solieri
2023

Abstract

Fermentation is a promising solution to valorize cheese whey, the main by-product of the dairy industry. In Parmigiano Reggiano cheese production, natural whey starter (NWS), an undefined community of thermophilic lactic acid bacteria, is obtained from the previous day residual whey through incubation at gradually decreasing temperature after curd cooking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fermentation regime (spontaneous (S) and NWS-inoculated (I-NWS)) on biofunctionalities and release of bioactive peptides during whey fermentation. In S and I-NWS trials proteolysis reached a peak after 24 h, which corresponded to the drop out in pH and the maximum increase in lactic acid. Biological activities increased as a function of fermentation time. NWS inoculum positively affected antioxidant activity, whilst S overcame I-NWS in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and DPP-IV (dipeptidyl peptidase IV) inhibitory activities. Peptidomics revealed more than 400 peptides, mainly derived from β-casein, κ-casein, and α-lactalbumin. Among them, 49 were bioactive and 21 were ACE-inhibitors. Semi-quantitative analysis strongly correlated ACE-inhibitory activity with the sum of the peptide abundance of ACE-inhibitory peptides. In both samples, lactotripeptide isoleucine-proline-proline (IPP) was higher than valine-proline-proline (VPP), with the highest content in S after 24 h of fermentation. In conclusion, we demonstrated the ability of whey endogenous microbiota and NWS to extensively hydrolyze whey proteins, promoting the release of bioactive peptides and improving protein digestibility.
2023
10-mar-2023
9
3
1
18
Impact of Spontaneous Fermentation and Inoculum with Natural Whey Starter on Peptidomic Profile and Biological Activities of Cheese Whey: A Comparative Study / MOHAMED IBRAHIM HELAL, Ahmed; Nasuti, Chiara; Sola, Laura; Sassi, Giada; Tagliazucchi, Davide; Solieri, Lisa. - In: FERMENTATION. - ISSN 2311-5637. - 9:3(2023), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/fermentation9030270]
MOHAMED IBRAHIM HELAL, Ahmed; Nasuti, Chiara; Sola, Laura; Sassi, Giada; Tagliazucchi, Davide; Solieri, Lisa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1301946
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