We investigate electron/hole trapping phenomena in alumina blocking oxide and their impact on the program/erase operations and retention of TANOS memory devices. For this purpose, we perform simulations using a physical model reproducing charge injection/trapping in TANOS devices, which is extended to account for the charge trapping phenomena in the blocking layer. We derive the electrical characteristics of both electron and hole traps in Al2O3 by reproducing the measured program, erase and retention transients. Our results show that the amount of electron charge trapped in the alumina during a program operation strongly depends on the stack composition and program voltages and can account for up to 25% of the total threshold voltage shift, whereas hole trapping during erase is negligible. Finally, we investigate the degradation of retention caused by the electron trapping in the alumina blocking layer, which is shown to result in accelerated charge loss.
Charge trapping in alumina and its impact on the operation of metal-alumina-nitride-oxide-silicon memories: experiments and simulations / Padovani, Andrea; Larcher, Luca; DELLA MARCA, Vincenzo; Pavan, Paolo; H., Park; G., Bersuker. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS. - ISSN 0021-8979. - STAMPA. - 110:(2011), pp. 014505-1-014505-9. [10.1063/1.3602999]