Lactobacilli contain different cell envelope proteinases (CEPs) responsible for the hydrolysis of caseins and the release of various bioactive peptides. In this work, we explored the CEP activity of Lactobacillus casei PRA205 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus PRA331 whole cells towards β-, αS1-, κ- and αS2-caseins in bovine milk. Mass spectrometry analysis of fermented milk hydrolysates identified a total of 331 peptides, which were mainly derived from β-caseins (59.0 and 60.1% for PRA205 and PRA331, respectively). Analysis of αS1-casein (f1–23) cleavage site specificity congruently supports that Lb. casei PRA205 and Lb. rhamnosus PRA331 exhibited a mixed-type CEPI/III activity. PRA205 and PRA331 CEPs also showed cleavage site specificity toward β-casein. These CEPs cleaved the peptide bond preferentially when hydrophobic or negatively charged amino acids were present. 13.5% and 13.7% of peptides released by Lb. casei PRA205 and Lb. rhamnosus PRA331 CEPs were found to have 100% homology with previously identified bioactive peptides.

Peptidomic study of casein proteolysis in bovine milk by Lactobacillus casei PRA205 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus PRA331 / Solieri, Lisa; De Vero, Luciana; Tagliazucchi, Davide. - In: INTERNATIONAL DAIRY JOURNAL. - ISSN 0958-6946. - 85(2018), pp. 237-246.

Peptidomic study of casein proteolysis in bovine milk by Lactobacillus casei PRA205 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus PRA331

Lisa Solieri;Luciana De Vero;Davide Tagliazucchi
2018

Abstract

Lactobacilli contain different cell envelope proteinases (CEPs) responsible for the hydrolysis of caseins and the release of various bioactive peptides. In this work, we explored the CEP activity of Lactobacillus casei PRA205 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus PRA331 whole cells towards β-, αS1-, κ- and αS2-caseins in bovine milk. Mass spectrometry analysis of fermented milk hydrolysates identified a total of 331 peptides, which were mainly derived from β-caseins (59.0 and 60.1% for PRA205 and PRA331, respectively). Analysis of αS1-casein (f1–23) cleavage site specificity congruently supports that Lb. casei PRA205 and Lb. rhamnosus PRA331 exhibited a mixed-type CEPI/III activity. PRA205 and PRA331 CEPs also showed cleavage site specificity toward β-casein. These CEPs cleaved the peptide bond preferentially when hydrophobic or negatively charged amino acids were present. 13.5% and 13.7% of peptides released by Lb. casei PRA205 and Lb. rhamnosus PRA331 CEPs were found to have 100% homology with previously identified bioactive peptides.
20-giu-2018
85
237
246
Peptidomic study of casein proteolysis in bovine milk by Lactobacillus casei PRA205 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus PRA331 / Solieri, Lisa; De Vero, Luciana; Tagliazucchi, Davide. - In: INTERNATIONAL DAIRY JOURNAL. - ISSN 0958-6946. - 85(2018), pp. 237-246.
Solieri, Lisa; De Vero, Luciana; Tagliazucchi, Davide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1169445
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