One of the most critical challenges for the specific power increase of turbocharged SI engines is the low end torque, limited by two aspects. First, the big size of the compressor necessary to deliver the maximum airflow does not allow high boost pressures at low speed, due to the surge line proximity. Second, the flame front velocity may become slower than the end gas auto-ignition rate, thus increasing the risk of knocking. This study is based on a current SI GDI V8 turbocharged engine, modeled by means of CFD tools, both 1d and 3d. The goal of the activity is to lower by 20% the displacement, without reducing brake torque, all over the engine speed range. It was decided to adopt a smaller bore, keeping stroke constant. Obviously, the combustion chamber, the valves and the intakeexhaust ports have been re-designed, as well as the whole intake and exhaust system. Instead of the two turbochargers, one for each bank of cylinders, a triple-turbocharger layout has been considered. The development of the engine has been carried out by means of 1D engine cycle simulations, using predictive knock models, calibrated with the support of both experiments and CFD-3d simulations. A few operating conditions for the final configuration have been also analyzed by means of a 3-d CFD tool. The paper presents the results of this activity, and describes in details the guidelines followed for the development of the engine.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Two-stage turbocharging for the downsizing of SI V-engines|
|Autori:||Rinaldini, Carlo Alberto; Breda, Sebastiano; Fontanesi, Stefano; Savioli, Tommaso|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.egypro.2015.12.077|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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