A surplus of glycerol is obtained from biodiesel manufacturing and represents a waste product whose applications are lacking. Thus, the use of glycerol as substrate for fermentation processes yielding valuable products is very attractive. In this study, the utilization of glycerol as a growth substrate for the cultivation of oleaginous yeasts was explored with the aim to produce microbial oils. Forty strains of environmental non-conventional yeasts belonging to 19 different species were screened for the ability to grow on glycerol and produce intracellular lipids in a medium containing an excess of this carbon source (C:N = 48:1). Three strains, belonging to the species Candida freyschussii, Pichia farinosa, and Saccharomyces spencerorum, depleted 40 g/L glycerol within 120 h and produced intracellular lipids. C. freyschussii yielded the highest amounts, lipids accounting for the 33 % of biomass on dry basis. 1H-NMR analysis revealed that the lipid extract did not contain detectable free fatty acids and was composed mostly of triacylglycerols. Lipid composition, determined by GC-MS analysis, was similar to plant oils, and may be optimal feedstock for biodiesel production, being dominated by monounsaturated C16 and C18. As in other oleaginous yeasts, lipid production by C. freyschussii sp. increased with the increase of the C:N ratio of the medium, but growth was inhibited at glycerol concentrations higher than 40 g/L. As a result, lipid production was the highest with 40 g/L glycerol, yielding 4.7 g/L lipids, with a mean volumetric productivity of 0.15 g/L/h. In order to prevent growth inhibition over 40 g/L glycerol and extend the lipogenic phase, different fed-batch strategies were tried. The best performing processes took advantage from the feeding with concentrated media exhibiting the same C:N ratio of the basal medium, leading to very productive high cell density cultures. With the continuous feeding of 20X-concentrated medium, 29 g/L lipids (i.e. the 32 % of biomass) were obtained in 100 h of cultivation, with a mean volumetric productivity of 0.30 g/L/h. The values herein reported are among the highest yield and productivity values ever obtained for fermentative processes exploiting oleaginous fungi to produce lipids from glycerol. Therefore, C. freyschussii could be considered as an interesting microorganism to convert glycerol into microbial oils for biofuel industry
Candida freyschussii: an oleaginous yeast producing lipids from glycerol / Amaretti, Alberto; Raimondi, Stefano; Leonardi, Alan; Rossi, Maddalena. - STAMPA. - 27(2012), pp. 139-144. ((Intervento presentato al convegno IBIC2012 Industrial Biotechnology International Conference tenutosi a Palermo nel 24 - 27 June 2012.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Titolo:||Candida freyschussii: an oleaginous yeast producing lipids from glycerol|
|Autore/i:||Amaretti, Alberto; Raimondi, Stefano; Leonardi, Alan; Rossi, Maddalena|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3303/CET1227024|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84864405575|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000319509400024|
|Nome del convegno:||IBIC2012 Industrial Biotechnology International Conference|
|Luogo del convegno:||Palermo|
|Data del convegno:||24 - 27 June 2012|
|Citazione:||Candida freyschussii: an oleaginous yeast producing lipids from glycerol / Amaretti, Alberto; Raimondi, Stefano; Leonardi, Alan; Rossi, Maddalena. - STAMPA. - 27(2012), pp. 139-144. ((Intervento presentato al convegno IBIC2012 Industrial Biotechnology International Conference tenutosi a Palermo nel 24 - 27 June 2012.|
|Tipologia||Relazione in Atti di Convegno|
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