The effectiveness of Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) in the near infrared (NIR) range (1000–1700 nm) was evaluated to discriminate PET (polyethylene terephthalate) from PLA (poly(lactic acid)), two polymers commonly utilized as packaging for foodstuff, in order to improve their further recycling process. An internal calibration based on five reference materials was initially used to eliminate the variability existing among images, then Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) was used to distinguish and classify the three classes, i.e., background, PET and PLA. Considering the high amount of data conveyed by the training image, the PLS-DA models were also calculated using as training set a reduced version of the original matrix, with the twofold aim to reduce the computational time and to deal with an equal number of spectra for each class, independently from the initial selected areas. A variable selection procedure by means of iPLS-DA was also applied on both the whole and the reduced matrix. The results obtained on the reduced matrix using only six variables provided a prediction efficiency higher than 98%. Moreover, the possibility to recognize PET and PLA polymers by HSI in the NIR range was further confirmed by using Multivariate Curve Resolution (MCR) as an alternative approach, which also allowed to evaluate the effect of thickness of the transparent plastic samples.

Efficient chemometric strategies for PET–PLA discrimination in recycling plants using hyperspectral imaging / Ulrici, Alessandro; S., Serranti; Ferrari, Carlotta; D., Cesare; Foca, Giorgia; G., Bonifazi. - In: CHEMOMETRICS AND INTELLIGENT LABORATORY SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0169-7439. - STAMPA. - 122:(2013), pp. 31-39. [10.1016/j.chemolab.2013.01.001]

Efficient chemometric strategies for PET–PLA discrimination in recycling plants using hyperspectral imaging

ULRICI, Alessandro;FERRARI, CARLOTTA;FOCA, Giorgia;
2013

Abstract

The effectiveness of Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) in the near infrared (NIR) range (1000–1700 nm) was evaluated to discriminate PET (polyethylene terephthalate) from PLA (poly(lactic acid)), two polymers commonly utilized as packaging for foodstuff, in order to improve their further recycling process. An internal calibration based on five reference materials was initially used to eliminate the variability existing among images, then Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) was used to distinguish and classify the three classes, i.e., background, PET and PLA. Considering the high amount of data conveyed by the training image, the PLS-DA models were also calculated using as training set a reduced version of the original matrix, with the twofold aim to reduce the computational time and to deal with an equal number of spectra for each class, independently from the initial selected areas. A variable selection procedure by means of iPLS-DA was also applied on both the whole and the reduced matrix. The results obtained on the reduced matrix using only six variables provided a prediction efficiency higher than 98%. Moreover, the possibility to recognize PET and PLA polymers by HSI in the NIR range was further confirmed by using Multivariate Curve Resolution (MCR) as an alternative approach, which also allowed to evaluate the effect of thickness of the transparent plastic samples.
2013
122
31
39
Efficient chemometric strategies for PET–PLA discrimination in recycling plants using hyperspectral imaging / Ulrici, Alessandro; S., Serranti; Ferrari, Carlotta; D., Cesare; Foca, Giorgia; G., Bonifazi. - In: CHEMOMETRICS AND INTELLIGENT LABORATORY SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0169-7439. - STAMPA. - 122:(2013), pp. 31-39. [10.1016/j.chemolab.2013.01.001]
Ulrici, Alessandro; S., Serranti; Ferrari, Carlotta; D., Cesare; Foca, Giorgia; G., Bonifazi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/914089
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