In previous studies we had shown that: one of the most specific feature of hyperlipoproteinemia found in rats with experimental nephrotic syndrome is the accumulation of apolipoprotein A-I-rich HDL in plasma and this disorder is associated with an overproduction of apolipoprotein A-I by the liver. The present study was designed to investigate whether the increased hepatic synthesis of apolipoprotein A-I was due to an accumulation of functionally active apolipoprotein A-I mRNA in liver of nephrotic rats. Hepatic mRNA was translated in vitro by rabbit reticulocyte lysate in the presence of [35S]methionine and in vitro synthesized apolipoprotein A-I, albumin and apolipoprotein E were immunoprecipitated by specific rabbit IgG. In nephrotic rats the amount of in vitro synthesized apolipoprotein A-I was almost twice that found in the controls, suggesting that functionally active apolipoprotein A-I mRNA was increased in liver of nephrotic rats. To confirm that this difference in apolipoprotein A-I mRNA activity was due to an actual increase of hepatic apolipoprotein A-I mRNA sequences, we performed nucleic acid hybridization experiments (northern blot) using several cloned cDNA probes (rat and human apolipoprotein A-I, rat apolipoprotein E and apolipoprotein A-II). The results indicate that in nephrotic rats the amount of hybridizable apolipoprotein A-I mRNA sequences was about 3-fold higher than that in controls. In contrast, there was no difference in the amount of hybridizable apolipoprotein A-II and apolipoprotein E mRNA sequences, indicating that the change in apolipoprotein A-I mRNA induced by the nephrotic state was specific for this mRNA.
Changes in apolipoprotein A-I mRNA level in the liver of rats with experimental nephrotic syndrome / Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano; Chan, L.. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. - ISSN 0006-3002. - STAMPA. - 868:(1986), pp. 51-61.