In the chick, the large cholesteryl ester (CE) store present in the liver during the last period of embryonic life increases at hatching and is rapidly depleted after 2-7 days of postnatal life. In this study we asked whether these changes were associated with variations in the hepatic production of apoB-containing lipoproteins. Liver slices taken from chicks at -3, 0 (hatching), 2, 4, 7, and 10 days of development were incubated with [35S]methionine in steady state incubations. ApoB production (cell + medium radioactivity) decreased from day -3 to day 0 (40%), increased at day 4 (54%), and decreased afterwards (45%). At day 4 the amount of 35S-labeled apoB-containing lipoproteins (VLDL-LDL) secreted into the medium was 1.7- and 1.5-times that found at days 0 and 7, respectively; the radioactivity incorporated into medium HDL (containing predominantly apoA-I) was 1.7-times that found at days 0 and 7. The incubation of liver slices with [3H]oleate showed that CE production at days 4 and 7 was 58% and 33%, respectively, of that found at day 0. The percentage of newly synthesized hepatic CE secreted into medium lipoproteins was 2.4%, 3.1%, and 2.2% at days 0, 4, and 7, respectively. The percentage of lipoprotein CE present in VLDL-LDL ranged from 38% at day 0 to 21% at day 7, and that present in HDL ranged from 62% at day 0 to 79% at day 7. To define whether the changes in the production of apoA-I- and apoB-containing lipoproteins were due to variations in apoB and apoA-I synthesis, the initial synthetic rate (pulse-labeling) and the mRNA content of these apolipoproteins were investigated. The initial apoB synthetic rate decreased 1.5-fold from day -3 to day 0, remained stable up to day 7, and decreased at day 10. Hepatic apoB mRNA followed a similar trend. The synthesis of apoA-I increased 2-fold from days -3/2 up to day 4 and did not change afterwards. In conclusion the increased hepatic CE content at hatching reflects a decreased production of apoB, while the depletion of CE observed from day 2 to day 7 is associated with an increased production of both apoB- and apoA-I-containing lipoproteins. The decreased apoB production at hatching is due to a decreased apoB synthesis whereas the increased apoB production at day 4 appears to be related to a post-translational event.

Apolipoprotein B-100 production and cholesteryl ester content in the liver of developing chick / Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; Nicolini, S; Marchi, L; Ballarini, G; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - STAMPA. - 35 (11):(1994), pp. 2019-2031.

Apolipoprotein B-100 production and cholesteryl ester content in the liver of developing chick

TARUGI, Patrizia Maria;CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano
1994-01-01

Abstract

In the chick, the large cholesteryl ester (CE) store present in the liver during the last period of embryonic life increases at hatching and is rapidly depleted after 2-7 days of postnatal life. In this study we asked whether these changes were associated with variations in the hepatic production of apoB-containing lipoproteins. Liver slices taken from chicks at -3, 0 (hatching), 2, 4, 7, and 10 days of development were incubated with [35S]methionine in steady state incubations. ApoB production (cell + medium radioactivity) decreased from day -3 to day 0 (40%), increased at day 4 (54%), and decreased afterwards (45%). At day 4 the amount of 35S-labeled apoB-containing lipoproteins (VLDL-LDL) secreted into the medium was 1.7- and 1.5-times that found at days 0 and 7, respectively; the radioactivity incorporated into medium HDL (containing predominantly apoA-I) was 1.7-times that found at days 0 and 7. The incubation of liver slices with [3H]oleate showed that CE production at days 4 and 7 was 58% and 33%, respectively, of that found at day 0. The percentage of newly synthesized hepatic CE secreted into medium lipoproteins was 2.4%, 3.1%, and 2.2% at days 0, 4, and 7, respectively. The percentage of lipoprotein CE present in VLDL-LDL ranged from 38% at day 0 to 21% at day 7, and that present in HDL ranged from 62% at day 0 to 79% at day 7. To define whether the changes in the production of apoA-I- and apoB-containing lipoproteins were due to variations in apoB and apoA-I synthesis, the initial synthetic rate (pulse-labeling) and the mRNA content of these apolipoproteins were investigated. The initial apoB synthetic rate decreased 1.5-fold from day -3 to day 0, remained stable up to day 7, and decreased at day 10. Hepatic apoB mRNA followed a similar trend. The synthesis of apoA-I increased 2-fold from days -3/2 up to day 4 and did not change afterwards. In conclusion the increased hepatic CE content at hatching reflects a decreased production of apoB, while the depletion of CE observed from day 2 to day 7 is associated with an increased production of both apoB- and apoA-I-containing lipoproteins. The decreased apoB production at hatching is due to a decreased apoB synthesis whereas the increased apoB production at day 4 appears to be related to a post-translational event.
35 (11)
2019
2031
Apolipoprotein B-100 production and cholesteryl ester content in the liver of developing chick / Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; Nicolini, S; Marchi, L; Ballarini, G; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - STAMPA. - 35 (11):(1994), pp. 2019-2031.
Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; Nicolini, S; Marchi, L; Ballarini, G; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano
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