In the chick, the large cholesteryl ester (CE) store present in the liver during the last period of embryonic life increases at hatching and is rapidly depleted after 2-7 days of postnatal life. In this study we asked whether these changes were associated with variations in the hepatic production of apoB-containing lipoproteins. Liver slices taken from chicks at -3, 0 (hatching), 2, 4, 7, and 10 days of development were incubated with [35S]methionine in steady state incubations. ApoB production (cell + medium radioactivity) decreased from day -3 to day 0 (40%), increased at day 4 (54%), and decreased afterwards (45%). At day 4 the amount of 35S-labeled apoB-containing lipoproteins (VLDL-LDL) secreted into the medium was 1.7- and 1.5-times that found at days 0 and 7, respectively; the radioactivity incorporated into medium HDL (containing predominantly apoA-I) was 1.7-times that found at days 0 and 7. The incubation of liver slices with [3H]oleate showed that CE production at days 4 and 7 was 58% and 33%, respectively, of that found at day 0. The percentage of newly synthesized hepatic CE secreted into medium lipoproteins was 2.4%, 3.1%, and 2.2% at days 0, 4, and 7, respectively. The percentage of lipoprotein CE present in VLDL-LDL ranged from 38% at day 0 to 21% at day 7, and that present in HDL ranged from 62% at day 0 to 79% at day 7. To define whether the changes in the production of apoA-I- and apoB-containing lipoproteins were due to variations in apoB and apoA-I synthesis, the initial synthetic rate (pulse-labeling) and the mRNA content of these apolipoproteins were investigated. The initial apoB synthetic rate decreased 1.5-fold from day -3 to day 0, remained stable up to day 7, and decreased at day 10. Hepatic apoB mRNA followed a similar trend. The synthesis of apoA-I increased 2-fold from days -3/2 up to day 4 and did not change afterwards. In conclusion the increased hepatic CE content at hatching reflects a decreased production of apoB, while the depletion of CE observed from day 2 to day 7 is associated with an increased production of both apoB- and apoA-I-containing lipoproteins. The decreased apoB production at hatching is due to a decreased apoB synthesis whereas the increased apoB production at day 4 appears to be related to a post-translational event.

Apolipoprotein B-100 production and cholesteryl ester content in the liver of developing chick / Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; Nicolini, S; Marchi, L; Ballarini, G; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - STAMPA. - 35 (11):(1994), pp. 2019-2031.

Apolipoprotein B-100 production and cholesteryl ester content in the liver of developing chick

TARUGI, Patrizia Maria;CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano
1994

Abstract

In the chick, the large cholesteryl ester (CE) store present in the liver during the last period of embryonic life increases at hatching and is rapidly depleted after 2-7 days of postnatal life. In this study we asked whether these changes were associated with variations in the hepatic production of apoB-containing lipoproteins. Liver slices taken from chicks at -3, 0 (hatching), 2, 4, 7, and 10 days of development were incubated with [35S]methionine in steady state incubations. ApoB production (cell + medium radioactivity) decreased from day -3 to day 0 (40%), increased at day 4 (54%), and decreased afterwards (45%). At day 4 the amount of 35S-labeled apoB-containing lipoproteins (VLDL-LDL) secreted into the medium was 1.7- and 1.5-times that found at days 0 and 7, respectively; the radioactivity incorporated into medium HDL (containing predominantly apoA-I) was 1.7-times that found at days 0 and 7. The incubation of liver slices with [3H]oleate showed that CE production at days 4 and 7 was 58% and 33%, respectively, of that found at day 0. The percentage of newly synthesized hepatic CE secreted into medium lipoproteins was 2.4%, 3.1%, and 2.2% at days 0, 4, and 7, respectively. The percentage of lipoprotein CE present in VLDL-LDL ranged from 38% at day 0 to 21% at day 7, and that present in HDL ranged from 62% at day 0 to 79% at day 7. To define whether the changes in the production of apoA-I- and apoB-containing lipoproteins were due to variations in apoB and apoA-I synthesis, the initial synthetic rate (pulse-labeling) and the mRNA content of these apolipoproteins were investigated. The initial apoB synthetic rate decreased 1.5-fold from day -3 to day 0, remained stable up to day 7, and decreased at day 10. Hepatic apoB mRNA followed a similar trend. The synthesis of apoA-I increased 2-fold from days -3/2 up to day 4 and did not change afterwards. In conclusion the increased hepatic CE content at hatching reflects a decreased production of apoB, while the depletion of CE observed from day 2 to day 7 is associated with an increased production of both apoB- and apoA-I-containing lipoproteins. The decreased apoB production at hatching is due to a decreased apoB synthesis whereas the increased apoB production at day 4 appears to be related to a post-translational event.
35 (11)
2019
2031
Apolipoprotein B-100 production and cholesteryl ester content in the liver of developing chick / Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; Nicolini, S; Marchi, L; Ballarini, G; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - STAMPA. - 35 (11):(1994), pp. 2019-2031.
Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; Nicolini, S; Marchi, L; Ballarini, G; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano
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