ObjectiveTo analyze the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene and the plasma HDL phenotype in a Caucasian subject with extremely elevated plasma high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C).Methods and resultsThe proband, a 63-year-old male of Swedish ancestry with elevated HDL-C (208 mg/dl) and apoA-I (and 272 mg/dl), was found to be homozygous for a point mutation in exon 2 of CETP gene (c.109 C > T) resulting in a premature termination codon (R37X). Plasma CETP mass and activity were undetectable. Plasma HDL were characterized by predominance of large HDL with enhanced preβ-HDL content. The proband's sons, heterozygotes for the mutation, had reduced plasma CETP activity and moderately elevated HDL-C. Serum of CETP deficient subjects showed a normal or enhanced cholesterol efflux capacity via ABCG1/SR-BI; cholesterol efflux via ABCA1 and macrophage cholesterol removal were lower than normal. The proband was healthy and had no atherosclerotic plaques in carotid or femoral arteries.ConclusionComplete CETP deficiency caused by mutations in CETP gene is exceedingly rare in Caucasians; the description of this single case indicates that CETP deficiency does not predispose to atherosclerosis in the absence of major cardiovascular risk factors.
A novel homozygous mutation in CETP gene as a cause of CETP deficiency in a Caucasian kindred / Calabresi, L; Nilsson, P; Pinotti, Elisa; Gomaraschi, M; Favari, E; Adorni, Mp; Bernini, F; Sirtori, Cr; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano; Franceschini, G; Tarugi, Patrizia Maria. - In: ATHEROSCLEROSIS. - ISSN 0021-9150. - STAMPA. - 205:2(2009), pp. 506-511. [10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2009.01.006]