Fatty liver has been anecdotally associated with heterozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia. The aim of this study was to characterize the molecular defect in a subject with heterozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, 52 mg/dL; apolipoprotein [apo] B, 15 mg/dL) and otherwise unexplained fatty liver. Plasma lipoproteins were separated by ultracentrifugation, and apo B was analyzed by electrophoresis and immunoblotting. A fragment of genomic DNA corresponding to the 5' end of exon 26 of the apo B gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. The plasma lipoproteins of the proband contained, besides normal apo B-100, a 200-kilodalton truncated apo B whose size suggested the presence of a mutation in exon 26 of the apo B gene. The nucleotide sequence of a fragment of the 5' end of exon 26 revealed that the proband was a heterozygote for a 14-nucleotide deletion, producing a frameshift resulting in a premature stop codon at residue 1768. This truncated apo B was named apo B-38.95. The proband's father was a carrier of the same mutation. Fatty liver in this subject with familiar heterozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia most likely results from the inability of apo B-38.95 to export lipids from hepatocytes into the blood stream. Heterozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia should be considered in a hypolipidemic subject with an otherwise unexplained fatty liver.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Titolo:||Fatty liver in heterozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia caused by a novel truncated form of apolipoprotein B|
|Autori:||P. Tarugi; A. Lonardo; G. Ballarini; A. Grisendi; M. Pulvirenti; A. Bagni; S. Calandra|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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