Background: The substrate sites of enzymes are attractive targets for structure-based inhibitor design. Two difficulties hinder efforts to discover and elaborate new (nonsubstrate-like) inhibitors for these sites. First, novel inhibitors often bind at nonsubstrate sites. Second, a novel scaffold introduces chemistry that is frequently unfamiliar, making synthetic elaboration challenging, Results: In an effort to discover and elaborate a novel scaffold for a substrate site, we combined structure-based screening with in-parallel synthetic elaboration. These techniques were used to find new inhibitors that bound to the folate site of Lactobacillus casei thymidylate synthase (LcTS), an enzyme that is a potential target for proliferative diseases, and is highly studied, The available chemicals directory was screened, using a molecular-docking computer program, for molecules that complemented the three-dimensional structure of this site. Five high-ranking compounds were selected for testing. Activity and docking studies led to a derivative of one of these, dansyltyrosine (K-i 65 mu M). Using solid-phase in-parallel techniques 33 derivatives of this lead were synthesized and tested. These analogs are dissimilar to the substrate but bind competitively with it. The most active analog had a K-i of 1.3 mu M. The tighter binding inhibitors were also the most specific for LcTS versus related enzymes, Conclusions: TS can recognize inhibitors that are dissimilar to, but that bind competitively with, the folate substrate. Combining structure-based discovery with in-parallel synthetic techniques allowed the rapid elaboration of this series of compounds. More automated versions of this approach can be envisaged.

Structure-based discovery and in-parallel optimization of novel competitive inhibitors of thymidylate synthase / Tondi, Donatella; U., Slomczynska; Costi, Maria Paola; Dm, Watterson; Ghelli, Stefano; Bk, Shoichet. - In: CHEMISTRY & BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1074-5521. - STAMPA. - 6:5(1999), pp. 319-331. [10.1016/s1074-5521(99)80077-5]

Structure-based discovery and in-parallel optimization of novel competitive inhibitors of thymidylate synthase

TONDI, Donatella;COSTI, Maria Paola;GHELLI, Stefano;
1999

Abstract

Background: The substrate sites of enzymes are attractive targets for structure-based inhibitor design. Two difficulties hinder efforts to discover and elaborate new (nonsubstrate-like) inhibitors for these sites. First, novel inhibitors often bind at nonsubstrate sites. Second, a novel scaffold introduces chemistry that is frequently unfamiliar, making synthetic elaboration challenging, Results: In an effort to discover and elaborate a novel scaffold for a substrate site, we combined structure-based screening with in-parallel synthetic elaboration. These techniques were used to find new inhibitors that bound to the folate site of Lactobacillus casei thymidylate synthase (LcTS), an enzyme that is a potential target for proliferative diseases, and is highly studied, The available chemicals directory was screened, using a molecular-docking computer program, for molecules that complemented the three-dimensional structure of this site. Five high-ranking compounds were selected for testing. Activity and docking studies led to a derivative of one of these, dansyltyrosine (K-i 65 mu M). Using solid-phase in-parallel techniques 33 derivatives of this lead were synthesized and tested. These analogs are dissimilar to the substrate but bind competitively with it. The most active analog had a K-i of 1.3 mu M. The tighter binding inhibitors were also the most specific for LcTS versus related enzymes, Conclusions: TS can recognize inhibitors that are dissimilar to, but that bind competitively with, the folate substrate. Combining structure-based discovery with in-parallel synthetic techniques allowed the rapid elaboration of this series of compounds. More automated versions of this approach can be envisaged.
22-apr-1999
6
5
319
331
Structure-based discovery and in-parallel optimization of novel competitive inhibitors of thymidylate synthase / Tondi, Donatella; U., Slomczynska; Costi, Maria Paola; Dm, Watterson; Ghelli, Stefano; Bk, Shoichet. - In: CHEMISTRY & BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1074-5521. - STAMPA. - 6:5(1999), pp. 319-331. [10.1016/s1074-5521(99)80077-5]
Tondi, Donatella; U., Slomczynska; Costi, Maria Paola; Dm, Watterson; Ghelli, Stefano; Bk, Shoichet
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