We have previously shown that the administration of a thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) synthase inhibitor (FCE 22178) reduced the progression of glomerular lesions and proteinuria in MNS rats, an inbred strain which develops an age-related nephrotic syndrome. In the present study we investigated the effect of FCE 22178 on the plasma lipoproteins of MNS rats at 28 weeks of age (with mild proteinuria and moderate dyslipoproteinemia) and at 48 weeks of age (with heavy proteinuria and severe dyslipoproteinemia). Drug treatment reduced proteinuria (by 70% and 36% at 28 and 48 weeks of age, respectively) plasma cholesterol (by 36% and 27% at 28 and 48 weeks of age, respectively) and prevented the decrease of plasma albumin observed in untreated rats (C-MNS) 48 weeks old. In treated rats (T-MNS), the decrease of proteinuria wets positively correlated with that of plasma cholesterol. FCE 22178 reduced the elevation in plasma HDL(1) (by 17.4%) and HDL(2) levels (by 30%), a key feature of nephrotic dyslipoproteinemia in the rat. From 28 to 48 weeks of age plasma apo A-I and apo E increased 217% and 128%, respectively, in C-MNS rats and 191% and 121%, respectively, in T-MNS-rats. A significant increase of apo A-I/apo E ratio was found in C-MNS rats from 28 (2.28+/-0.36) to 48 weeks of age (3.84+/-0.9) but not in T-MNS rats. FCE 22178 altered the lipid composition of VLDL and HDL(2) by reducing the content of cholesteryl esters and increasing that of free cholesterol and phospholipids. These findings suggest that the beneficial effect of FCE 22178 on the dyslipoproteinemia of nephrotic MNS rats is secondary to the amelioration in kidney function and to the reduction of proteinuria produced by this drug.
Effect of a thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitor on the dyslipoproteinemia of an inbred rat strain with spontaneous age-related nephrotic syndrome / Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; Nicolini, S.; Albertazzi, L.; Marchi, L.; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano; Salvati, P.. - In: AGING. - ISSN 0394-9532. - STAMPA. - 6:(1994), pp. 381-390.