Skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum comprises two distinct membrane domains, i.e., the Ca(2+)-pump membrane, corresponding mainly to longitudinal tubules, and the junctional membrane of the terminal cisternae containing the ryanodine receptor/Ca(2+)-release channel. Additional minor proteins previously shown in rabbit fast-twitch skeletal muscle to fractionate selectively to each membrane domain comprise 160- and 53-kDa glycoproteins and 170-kDa low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-binding protein, respectively (Damiani and Margreth, 1991, Biochem. J. 277, 825-832). We report evidence in chicken pectoralis, a predominantly fast muscle, on two closely immunologically related glycoproteins, a minor component of 130-kDa and a major 53-kDa protein. In contrast to the seemingly highly conserved structure of this protein, our results show marked differences in mobilities for chicken 125I-LDL that were detected as a 130- to 116-kDa protein doublet after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, although being otherwise indistinguishable from rabbit 170-kDa protein in LDL-binding characteristics, as well as for preferential association to junctional terminal cisternae. Chicken Ca(2+)-ATPase, although being extensively homologous to rabbit Ca(2+)-ATPase, is shown to be less active and to differ slightly in electrophoretic properties. We have investigated the time course of expression of the specific protein components of longitudinal and of junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum in chick pectoralis muscle from late embryonic development up to 2 months after hatching. Coincident with the posthatching increase in membrane density of high-affinity [3H]ryanodine-binding sites in muscle, both calsequestrin and the species-specific LDL-binding protein(s) are detected in increasing amounts, using ligand blot techniques. In contrast, the appearance and steady accumulation in muscle of Ca(2+)-ATPase, like the time-correlated increase of sarcoplasmic reticulum glycoproteins, are relatively delayed, the most striking changes occurring from 1 week after hatching onward. The sequential expression in chick developing muscle of proteins selectively associated with the junctional terminal cisternae and with longitudinal sarcoplasmic reticulum, respectively, argues for a similar morphogenetic program in avian and mammalian species and, to account for that, for the existence of common epigenetic differentiating influences on the expression of sarcoplasmic reticulum protein genes.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Titolo:||Sequential expression during postnatal development of specific markers of junctional and free sarcoplasmic reticulum in chicken pectoralis muscle.|
|Autori:||Damiani, E; Tarugi, P; Calandra, S; Margreth, A.|
|Autori interni:||TARUGI, Patrizia Maria |
CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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