Leuconostoc spp. is often regarded as the flavor producer, responsible for the production of acetoin and diacetyl in dairy cheese. In this study, we investigate seven plant-derived Leuconostoc strains, covering four species, in their potential as a lyophilized starter culture for flavor production in fermented soy-based cheese alternatives. We show that the process of lyophilization of Leuconostoc can be feasible using a soy-based lyoprotectant, with survivability up to 63% during long term storage. Furthermore, the storage in this media improves the subse-quent growth in a soy-based substrate in a strain specific manner. The utilization of individual raffinose family oligosaccharides was strain dependent, with Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides NFICC99 being the best consumer. Furthermore, we show that all investigated strains were able to produce a range of volatile flavor compounds found in dairy cheese products, as well as remove certain dairy off-flavors from the soy-based substrate like hexanal and 2-pentylfuran. Also here, NFICC99 was strain producing most cheese-related volatile flavor com-pounds, followed by Leuconostoc mesenteroides NFICC319. These findings provide initial insights into the development of Leuconostoc as a potential starter culture for plant-based dairy alternatives, as well as a promising approach for generation of stable, lyophilized cultures.

Leuconostoc performance in soy-based fermentations – Survival, acidification, sugar metabolism, and flavor comparisons / Wätjen, A. P.; De Vero, L.; Carmona, E. N.; Sberveglieri, V.; Huang, W.; Turner, M. S.; Bang-Berthelsen, C. H.. - In: FOOD MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0740-0020. - 115:(2023), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.fm.2023.104337]

Leuconostoc performance in soy-based fermentations – Survival, acidification, sugar metabolism, and flavor comparisons

De Vero L.;Sberveglieri V.;
2023

Abstract

Leuconostoc spp. is often regarded as the flavor producer, responsible for the production of acetoin and diacetyl in dairy cheese. In this study, we investigate seven plant-derived Leuconostoc strains, covering four species, in their potential as a lyophilized starter culture for flavor production in fermented soy-based cheese alternatives. We show that the process of lyophilization of Leuconostoc can be feasible using a soy-based lyoprotectant, with survivability up to 63% during long term storage. Furthermore, the storage in this media improves the subse-quent growth in a soy-based substrate in a strain specific manner. The utilization of individual raffinose family oligosaccharides was strain dependent, with Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides NFICC99 being the best consumer. Furthermore, we show that all investigated strains were able to produce a range of volatile flavor compounds found in dairy cheese products, as well as remove certain dairy off-flavors from the soy-based substrate like hexanal and 2-pentylfuran. Also here, NFICC99 was strain producing most cheese-related volatile flavor com-pounds, followed by Leuconostoc mesenteroides NFICC319. These findings provide initial insights into the development of Leuconostoc as a potential starter culture for plant-based dairy alternatives, as well as a promising approach for generation of stable, lyophilized cultures.
2023
115
1
10
Leuconostoc performance in soy-based fermentations – Survival, acidification, sugar metabolism, and flavor comparisons / Wätjen, A. P.; De Vero, L.; Carmona, E. N.; Sberveglieri, V.; Huang, W.; Turner, M. S.; Bang-Berthelsen, C. H.. - In: FOOD MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0740-0020. - 115:(2023), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.fm.2023.104337]
Wätjen, A. P.; De Vero, L.; Carmona, E. N.; Sberveglieri, V.; Huang, W.; Turner, M. S.; Bang-Berthelsen, C. H.
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