Our study investigated the chemical, microbiological, and bioactive peptide profiles of Asiago Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) cheese from two dairies (Dairy I and II) produced over two consecutive days (batches) and analysed during three months of ripening. The effect of different starter cultures was evaluated. The microbiome varied between the dairies and batches, with curds post-salting dominated by the starter culture-associated genera. During ripening, there was an increasing trend in the Lactobacillus genus, especially for Dairy I, which used an industrial starter. Bioactive peptide intensities differed throughout ripening due to the extent of proteolysis, and their intensity or concentration evolved, modifying, and differentiating profiles. The industrial starter used in Dairy I had the highest relative intensity (average value 76.50%) of bioactive peptides after three months of ripening. In contrast, the cheeses made with natural milk starter (Dairy II) had lower total relative intensity (average value 47.75%) but produced ACE-inhibitory peptides through sub-dominant strains and non-starter lactic acid bacteria. The importance of autochthonous strains of each micro-region even within a delimited PDO production area was highlighted.

How starter cultures affect the peptidomic profile and bioactive activities of the Asiago-PDO cheese throughout ripening / Domingues Galli, Bruno; Nikoloudaki, Olga; Tonini, Stefano; MOHAMED IBRAHIM HELAL, Ahmed; Di Cagno, Raffaella; Gobbetti, Marco; Tagliazucchi, Davide. - In: FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0963-9969. - 167:(2023), pp. 1-13. [10.1016/j.foodres.2023.112743]

How starter cultures affect the peptidomic profile and bioactive activities of the Asiago-PDO cheese throughout ripening

Ahmed Helal;Davide Tagliazucchi
2023

Abstract

Our study investigated the chemical, microbiological, and bioactive peptide profiles of Asiago Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) cheese from two dairies (Dairy I and II) produced over two consecutive days (batches) and analysed during three months of ripening. The effect of different starter cultures was evaluated. The microbiome varied between the dairies and batches, with curds post-salting dominated by the starter culture-associated genera. During ripening, there was an increasing trend in the Lactobacillus genus, especially for Dairy I, which used an industrial starter. Bioactive peptide intensities differed throughout ripening due to the extent of proteolysis, and their intensity or concentration evolved, modifying, and differentiating profiles. The industrial starter used in Dairy I had the highest relative intensity (average value 76.50%) of bioactive peptides after three months of ripening. In contrast, the cheeses made with natural milk starter (Dairy II) had lower total relative intensity (average value 47.75%) but produced ACE-inhibitory peptides through sub-dominant strains and non-starter lactic acid bacteria. The importance of autochthonous strains of each micro-region even within a delimited PDO production area was highlighted.
2023
21-mar-2023
167
1
13
How starter cultures affect the peptidomic profile and bioactive activities of the Asiago-PDO cheese throughout ripening / Domingues Galli, Bruno; Nikoloudaki, Olga; Tonini, Stefano; MOHAMED IBRAHIM HELAL, Ahmed; Di Cagno, Raffaella; Gobbetti, Marco; Tagliazucchi, Davide. - In: FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0963-9969. - 167:(2023), pp. 1-13. [10.1016/j.foodres.2023.112743]
Domingues Galli, Bruno; Nikoloudaki, Olga; Tonini, Stefano; MOHAMED IBRAHIM HELAL, Ahmed; Di Cagno, Raffaella; Gobbetti, Marco; Tagliazucchi, Davide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1301965
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