A wide literature has studied the predictors of number comprehen-sion and early math learning by considering both domain-general and number-specific prerequisites. However, a consensus has not been reached regarding the specific contribution of these prerequi-sites. This study aimed to analyze the contribution and interplay of two domain-general functions, working memory (WM) and metacognitive abilities, and number-specific prerequisites in determining number comprehension. The participants, 126 Italian first-graders, were tested on two WM capacity tasks, an early metacognition questionnaire, five number-specific prerequi-sites tasks (e.g., quantity and/or size comparison; placement of Arabic numeral), and the Number Knowledge Test for whole -number comprehension. We hypothesized that WM capacity would predict number comprehension both directly and indirectly via metacognition and domain-specific prerequisites. This is because both metacognition and domain-specific prerequisites might place an information load on WM to establish schemes for declarative metamemory and metacognitive monitoring and for emerging counting skills, respectively. The results confirmed these hypotheses. WM capacity was positively associated with number comprehension both directly and via increased metacognition and domain-specific prerequisites. These findings offer a model for interpreting the interplay between domain-general and number-specific predictors of whole-number comprehension, but they also underline the multiple ways in which WM capacity affects it. (c) 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Multiple influences of working memory capacity on number comprehension: The interplay with metacognition and number-specific prerequisites / Bisagno, E.; Cadamuro, A.; Morra, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-0965. - 226:(2023), pp. 105568-105581. [10.1016/j.jecp.2022.105568]

Multiple influences of working memory capacity on number comprehension: The interplay with metacognition and number-specific prerequisites

Bisagno E.;Cadamuro A.;
2023

Abstract

A wide literature has studied the predictors of number comprehen-sion and early math learning by considering both domain-general and number-specific prerequisites. However, a consensus has not been reached regarding the specific contribution of these prerequi-sites. This study aimed to analyze the contribution and interplay of two domain-general functions, working memory (WM) and metacognitive abilities, and number-specific prerequisites in determining number comprehension. The participants, 126 Italian first-graders, were tested on two WM capacity tasks, an early metacognition questionnaire, five number-specific prerequi-sites tasks (e.g., quantity and/or size comparison; placement of Arabic numeral), and the Number Knowledge Test for whole -number comprehension. We hypothesized that WM capacity would predict number comprehension both directly and indirectly via metacognition and domain-specific prerequisites. This is because both metacognition and domain-specific prerequisites might place an information load on WM to establish schemes for declarative metamemory and metacognitive monitoring and for emerging counting skills, respectively. The results confirmed these hypotheses. WM capacity was positively associated with number comprehension both directly and via increased metacognition and domain-specific prerequisites. These findings offer a model for interpreting the interplay between domain-general and number-specific predictors of whole-number comprehension, but they also underline the multiple ways in which WM capacity affects it. (c) 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
2023
226
105568
105581
Multiple influences of working memory capacity on number comprehension: The interplay with metacognition and number-specific prerequisites / Bisagno, E.; Cadamuro, A.; Morra, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-0965. - 226:(2023), pp. 105568-105581. [10.1016/j.jecp.2022.105568]
Bisagno, E.; Cadamuro, A.; Morra, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1296646
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