Effective task scheduling in human-robot collaboration (HRC) scenarios is one of the great challenges of collaborative robotics. The shared workspace inside an industrial setting brings a lot of uncertainties that cannot be foreseen. A prior offline task scheduling strategy is ineffective in dealing with these uncertainties. In this paper, a novel online framework to achieve a resilient and reliable task schedule is presented. The framework can deal with deviations that occur during operation, different operator skills, error by the human or robot, and substitution of actors, while maintaining an efficient schedule by promoting parallel human-robot work. First, the collaborative job and the possible deviations are represented by AND/OR graphs. Subsequently, the proposed architecture chooses the most suitable path to improve the collaboration. If some failures occur, the AND/OR graph is adapted locally, allowing the collaboration to be completed. The framework is validated in an industrial assembly scenario with a Franka Emika Panda collaborative robot.

A Resilient and Effective Task Scheduling Approach for Industrial Human-Robot Collaboration / Pupa, A.; Van Dijk, W.; Brekelmans, C.; Secchi, C.. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 22:13(2022), pp. 4901-N/A. [10.3390/s22134901]

A Resilient and Effective Task Scheduling Approach for Industrial Human-Robot Collaboration

Pupa A.;Secchi C.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Effective task scheduling in human-robot collaboration (HRC) scenarios is one of the great challenges of collaborative robotics. The shared workspace inside an industrial setting brings a lot of uncertainties that cannot be foreseen. A prior offline task scheduling strategy is ineffective in dealing with these uncertainties. In this paper, a novel online framework to achieve a resilient and reliable task schedule is presented. The framework can deal with deviations that occur during operation, different operator skills, error by the human or robot, and substitution of actors, while maintaining an efficient schedule by promoting parallel human-robot work. First, the collaborative job and the possible deviations are represented by AND/OR graphs. Subsequently, the proposed architecture chooses the most suitable path to improve the collaboration. If some failures occur, the AND/OR graph is adapted locally, allowing the collaboration to be completed. The framework is validated in an industrial assembly scenario with a Franka Emika Panda collaborative robot.
22
13
4901
N/A
A Resilient and Effective Task Scheduling Approach for Industrial Human-Robot Collaboration / Pupa, A.; Van Dijk, W.; Brekelmans, C.; Secchi, C.. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 22:13(2022), pp. 4901-N/A. [10.3390/s22134901]
Pupa, A.; Van Dijk, W.; Brekelmans, C.; Secchi, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1286077
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