The emergence of new spectral imaging applications in many science fields and in industry has not come to be a surprise, considering the immense potential this technique has to map spectral information. In the case of near-infrared spectral imaging, a rapid evolution of the technology has made it more and more appealing in non-destructive analysis of food and materials as well as in process monitoring applications. However, despite its great diffusion, some challenges remain open from the data analysis point of view, with the aim to fully uncover patterns and unveil the interplay between both the spatial and spectral domains. Here we propose a new approach, called Image Decomposition, Encoding and Localization (IDEL), where a spatial perspective is taken for the analysis of spectral images, while maintaining the significant information within the spectral domain. The methodology benefits from wavelet transform to exploit spatial features, encoding the outcoming images into a set of descriptors and utilizing multivariate analysis to isolate and extract the significant spatial-spectral information. A forensic case study of near-infrared images of biological stains on cotton fabrics is used as a benchmark. The stain and fabric have hardly distinguishable spectral signatures due to strong scattering effects that originate from the rough surface of the fabric and the high spectral absorbance of cotton in the near-infrared range. There is no selective information that can isolate signals related to these two components in the spectral images under study, and the complex spatial structure is highly interconnected to the spectral signatures. IDEL was capable of isolating the stains, (spatial) scattering effects, and a possible drying effect from the stains. It was possible to recover, at the same time, specific spectral regions that mostly highlight these isolated spatial structures, which was previously unobtainable.

A novel proposal to investigate the interplay between the spatial and spectral domains in near-infrared spectral imaging data by means of Image Decomposition, Encoding and Localization (IDEL) / Ahmad, Mohamad; Vitale, Raffaele; Silva, Carolina S.; Ruckebusch, Cyril; Cocchi, Marina. - In: ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0003-2670. - 1191:(2022), pp. 1-12. [10.1016/j.aca.2021.339285]

A novel proposal to investigate the interplay between the spatial and spectral domains in near-infrared spectral imaging data by means of Image Decomposition, Encoding and Localization (IDEL)

Ahmad, Mohamad;Cocchi, Marina
2022

Abstract

The emergence of new spectral imaging applications in many science fields and in industry has not come to be a surprise, considering the immense potential this technique has to map spectral information. In the case of near-infrared spectral imaging, a rapid evolution of the technology has made it more and more appealing in non-destructive analysis of food and materials as well as in process monitoring applications. However, despite its great diffusion, some challenges remain open from the data analysis point of view, with the aim to fully uncover patterns and unveil the interplay between both the spatial and spectral domains. Here we propose a new approach, called Image Decomposition, Encoding and Localization (IDEL), where a spatial perspective is taken for the analysis of spectral images, while maintaining the significant information within the spectral domain. The methodology benefits from wavelet transform to exploit spatial features, encoding the outcoming images into a set of descriptors and utilizing multivariate analysis to isolate and extract the significant spatial-spectral information. A forensic case study of near-infrared images of biological stains on cotton fabrics is used as a benchmark. The stain and fabric have hardly distinguishable spectral signatures due to strong scattering effects that originate from the rough surface of the fabric and the high spectral absorbance of cotton in the near-infrared range. There is no selective information that can isolate signals related to these two components in the spectral images under study, and the complex spatial structure is highly interconnected to the spectral signatures. IDEL was capable of isolating the stains, (spatial) scattering effects, and a possible drying effect from the stains. It was possible to recover, at the same time, specific spectral regions that mostly highlight these isolated spatial structures, which was previously unobtainable.
2022
16-nov-2021
1191
1
12
A novel proposal to investigate the interplay between the spatial and spectral domains in near-infrared spectral imaging data by means of Image Decomposition, Encoding and Localization (IDEL) / Ahmad, Mohamad; Vitale, Raffaele; Silva, Carolina S.; Ruckebusch, Cyril; Cocchi, Marina. - In: ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0003-2670. - 1191:(2022), pp. 1-12. [10.1016/j.aca.2021.339285]
Ahmad, Mohamad; Vitale, Raffaele; Silva, Carolina S.; Ruckebusch, Cyril; Cocchi, Marina
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1255865
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