Essential oils (EOs) are more and more frequently adulterated due to their wide usage and large profit, for this reason accurate and precise authentication techniques are essential. This work aims at the application of qNMR as a versatile tool for the quantification of vegetable oils potentially usable as adulterants or diluents in EOs. This approach is based on the quantification of both1H and13C glycerol backbone signals, which are actually present in each vegetable oil containing triglycerides. For the validation, binary mixtures of rosemary EO and corn oil (0.8–50%) were prepared. To verify the general feasibility of this technique, other different mixtures including lavender, citronella, orange and peanut, almond, sunflower, and soy seed oils were analyzed. The results showed that the efficacy of this approach does not depend on the specific combination of EO and vegetable oil, ensuring its versatility. The method was able to determine the adulterant, with a mean accuracy of 91.81 and 89.77% for calculations made on1H and13C spectra, respectively. The high precision and accuracy here observed, make1H-qNMR competitive with other well-established techniques. Considering the current importance of quality control of EOs to avoid fraudulent practices, this work can be considered pioneering and promising.

A novel qnmr application for the quantification of vegetable oils used as adulterants in essential oils / Truzzi, E.; Marchetti, L.; Benvenuti, S.; Righi, V.; Rossi, M. C.; Gallo, V.; Bertelli, D.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:18(2021), pp. 5439-5439. [10.3390/molecules26185439]

A novel qnmr application for the quantification of vegetable oils used as adulterants in essential oils

Truzzi E.
Methodology
;
Marchetti L.
Formal Analysis
;
Benvenuti S.
Conceptualization
;
Rossi M. C.;Bertelli D.
Methodology
2021-01-01

Abstract

Essential oils (EOs) are more and more frequently adulterated due to their wide usage and large profit, for this reason accurate and precise authentication techniques are essential. This work aims at the application of qNMR as a versatile tool for the quantification of vegetable oils potentially usable as adulterants or diluents in EOs. This approach is based on the quantification of both1H and13C glycerol backbone signals, which are actually present in each vegetable oil containing triglycerides. For the validation, binary mixtures of rosemary EO and corn oil (0.8–50%) were prepared. To verify the general feasibility of this technique, other different mixtures including lavender, citronella, orange and peanut, almond, sunflower, and soy seed oils were analyzed. The results showed that the efficacy of this approach does not depend on the specific combination of EO and vegetable oil, ensuring its versatility. The method was able to determine the adulterant, with a mean accuracy of 91.81 and 89.77% for calculations made on1H and13C spectra, respectively. The high precision and accuracy here observed, make1H-qNMR competitive with other well-established techniques. Considering the current importance of quality control of EOs to avoid fraudulent practices, this work can be considered pioneering and promising.
26
18
5439
5439
A novel qnmr application for the quantification of vegetable oils used as adulterants in essential oils / Truzzi, E.; Marchetti, L.; Benvenuti, S.; Righi, V.; Rossi, M. C.; Gallo, V.; Bertelli, D.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:18(2021), pp. 5439-5439. [10.3390/molecules26185439]
Truzzi, E.; Marchetti, L.; Benvenuti, S.; Righi, V.; Rossi, M. C.; Gallo, V.; Bertelli, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1253670
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