Objective: To highlight the clinical and social outcomes among adults who suffered from ADHD in their childhood/adolescence. Method: PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus databases were searched for prospective studies published during the last 5 years addressing patients with ADHD in childhood/adolescence followed up to adulthood. We also included studies published before 2015 reported in other reviews with similar outcomes. Results: 1485 studies were identified but only 39 were included for qualitative and 27 for quantitative analysis. Overall, we found that ADHD persisted into adulthood with a mean rate of 43% and was mainly associated with both substance/alcohol use disorders and antisocial behavior and, less frequently, with anxiety and depressive disorders. The prevalence of persistent ADHD in adulthood reported by studies published after 2011 (55%) was higher than that reported by studies published previously from 1985 to 2011 (34%), suggesting a greater focus on ADHD. Conclusion: Our results highlight that ADHD can be considered not only a neurodevelopmental disorder but a persistent and complex condition, with detrimental consequences for quality of life in adulthood.

Children and adolescents with ADHD followed up to adulthood: A systematic review of long-term outcomes / Di Lorenzo, R.; Balducci, J.; Poppi, C.; Arcolin, E.; Cutino, A.; Ferri, P.; D'Amico, R.; Filippini, T.. - In: ACTA NEUROPSYCHIATRICA. - ISSN 0924-2708. - 33:6(2021), pp. 283-298. [10.1017/neu.2021.23]

Children and adolescents with ADHD followed up to adulthood: A systematic review of long-term outcomes

Di Lorenzo R.;Balducci J.;Poppi C.;Arcolin E.;Cutino A.;Ferri P.;D'Amico R.;Filippini T.
2021

Abstract

Objective: To highlight the clinical and social outcomes among adults who suffered from ADHD in their childhood/adolescence. Method: PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus databases were searched for prospective studies published during the last 5 years addressing patients with ADHD in childhood/adolescence followed up to adulthood. We also included studies published before 2015 reported in other reviews with similar outcomes. Results: 1485 studies were identified but only 39 were included for qualitative and 27 for quantitative analysis. Overall, we found that ADHD persisted into adulthood with a mean rate of 43% and was mainly associated with both substance/alcohol use disorders and antisocial behavior and, less frequently, with anxiety and depressive disorders. The prevalence of persistent ADHD in adulthood reported by studies published after 2011 (55%) was higher than that reported by studies published previously from 1985 to 2011 (34%), suggesting a greater focus on ADHD. Conclusion: Our results highlight that ADHD can be considered not only a neurodevelopmental disorder but a persistent and complex condition, with detrimental consequences for quality of life in adulthood.
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Children and adolescents with ADHD followed up to adulthood: A systematic review of long-term outcomes / Di Lorenzo, R.; Balducci, J.; Poppi, C.; Arcolin, E.; Cutino, A.; Ferri, P.; D'Amico, R.; Filippini, T.. - In: ACTA NEUROPSYCHIATRICA. - ISSN 0924-2708. - 33:6(2021), pp. 283-298. [10.1017/neu.2021.23]
Di Lorenzo, R.; Balducci, J.; Poppi, C.; Arcolin, E.; Cutino, A.; Ferri, P.; D'Amico, R.; Filippini, T.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1253416
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