Several studies support group therapy effectiveness due to the activation in patients of unique psychological mechanisms defined as non-specific therapeutic factors (Therapeutic Factors-TFs), which shape the setting and, at the same time, enhance the specific group therapeutic factors. The objectives of this study were to preliminarly validate Therapeutic Factors Inventory-8 (TFI-8) Italian version and identify group therapeutic factors. In a psychiatric residential facility, a weekly psychotherapeutic group was evaluated during 1 year. One scale on group process (TFI-8, Ferrara-Group Experience Scale) and three clinical scales (Brief Symptom Inventory-53, Sheehan Disability Scale, WHO Quality of Life-Bref) were administered to participating patients. Internal consistency, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), convergent validity of TFI-8 were assessed. Correlations between TFI-8 and other scale scores and selected variables were pwerformed. Our sample consisted of 64 participants. TFI-8 showed good internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha = 0.84), concurrent validity with Fe-GES (Rho = 0.42, p = 0.0008). EFA highlighted a single Factor, accounting for 92% of variance. TFI-8 was not significantly related to clinical scale scores. TFI-8 Italian version proved to be a valid and reliable tool which allowed us to identify one therapeutic factor indicating relational attraction in group therapy, composed of three dimensions: infusion of hope, cohesion and social learning.

Therapeutic Factors in a Psychiatric Group Therapy: a Preliminary Validation of Therapeutic Factors Inventory-8, Italian Version / Landi, Giulia; Simoni, Elena; Isotta, Landi; Galeazzi, Gian Maria; Moscara, Maria; Pighi, Marcella; Ferri, Paola; DI LORENZO, Rosaria. - In: PSYCHIATRIC QUARTERLY. - ISSN 0033-2720. - 92:2(2021), pp. 523-536. [10.1007/s11126-020-09834-2]

Therapeutic Factors in a Psychiatric Group Therapy: a Preliminary Validation of Therapeutic Factors Inventory-8, Italian Version

Giulia Landi;Elena Simoni;Galeazzi Gian Maria;Maria Moscara;Marcella Pighi;Paola Ferri;Di Lorenzo Rosaria
2021-01-01

Abstract

Several studies support group therapy effectiveness due to the activation in patients of unique psychological mechanisms defined as non-specific therapeutic factors (Therapeutic Factors-TFs), which shape the setting and, at the same time, enhance the specific group therapeutic factors. The objectives of this study were to preliminarly validate Therapeutic Factors Inventory-8 (TFI-8) Italian version and identify group therapeutic factors. In a psychiatric residential facility, a weekly psychotherapeutic group was evaluated during 1 year. One scale on group process (TFI-8, Ferrara-Group Experience Scale) and three clinical scales (Brief Symptom Inventory-53, Sheehan Disability Scale, WHO Quality of Life-Bref) were administered to participating patients. Internal consistency, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), convergent validity of TFI-8 were assessed. Correlations between TFI-8 and other scale scores and selected variables were pwerformed. Our sample consisted of 64 participants. TFI-8 showed good internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha = 0.84), concurrent validity with Fe-GES (Rho = 0.42, p = 0.0008). EFA highlighted a single Factor, accounting for 92% of variance. TFI-8 was not significantly related to clinical scale scores. TFI-8 Italian version proved to be a valid and reliable tool which allowed us to identify one therapeutic factor indicating relational attraction in group therapy, composed of three dimensions: infusion of hope, cohesion and social learning.
2021
20-ago-2020
92
2
523
536
Therapeutic Factors in a Psychiatric Group Therapy: a Preliminary Validation of Therapeutic Factors Inventory-8, Italian Version / Landi, Giulia; Simoni, Elena; Isotta, Landi; Galeazzi, Gian Maria; Moscara, Maria; Pighi, Marcella; Ferri, Paola; DI LORENZO, Rosaria. - In: PSYCHIATRIC QUARTERLY. - ISSN 0033-2720. - 92:2(2021), pp. 523-536. [10.1007/s11126-020-09834-2]
Landi, Giulia; Simoni, Elena; Isotta, Landi; Galeazzi, Gian Maria; Moscara, Maria; Pighi, Marcella; Ferri, Paola; DI LORENZO, Rosaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1208224
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