The bioactive chemical constituents of water and ethanol extracts of Euphorbia hirta L. leaves have been identified and quantified using an un-targeted mass spectrometric approach. The study allowed the tentative identification of 123 individual phenolic compounds and 18 non-phenolic phytochemicals, most of them described in Euphorbia hirta L. leaves for the first time. Gallotannins, hydroxybenzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids were the most abundant phenolic classes in Euphorbia hirta L. leaves, representing together the 71.5% (26.3%, 25.2% and 20%, respectively) of the total amount of identified phenolics. The main phenolic compounds detected were tri-O-galloyl-glucose isomers, feruloyl-coniferin, tetra-O-galloyl-glucose isomers, di-O-galloyl-glucose isomers, ethyl-gallic acid, protocatechuic acid-O-pentoside-O-hexoside, 5-O-caffeoyl-quinic acid trans isomer and digalloyl-quinic acid. Feruloyl-coniferin was found to be approximately six times more concentrated in the ethanol extract with respect to the water extract. The ethanol extract exhibited higher ABTS (1338.3 ± 85.3 and 802.3 ± 91.0 μmol ascorbic acid equivalent/gram of dry extract, respectively) and superoxide anion (2014.6 ± 78.6 and 1528.0 ± 111.7 μmol ascorbic acid equivalent/gram of dry extract, respectively) scavenging abilities than the water extract. Additionally, the ethanol extract also showed a remarkable anti-fungal effect against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum, Alternaria solani and Rhizoctonia solani. This study provides new information about Euphorbia hirta L., offering reasons to promote this plant species as rich source of phenolics and an excellent source of antifungal molecules that might have a prospective use in controlling fungal diseases of vegetable crops.

Phenolic compounds profile of water and ethanol extracts of Euphorbia hirta L. leaves showing antioxidant and antifungal properties / Mekam, Pascal Noel; Martini, Serena; Nguefack, Julienne; Tagliazucchi, Davide; Stefani, Emilio. - In: SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY. - ISSN 0254-6299. - 127:(2019), pp. 319-332. [10.1016/j.sajb.2019.11.001]

Phenolic compounds profile of water and ethanol extracts of Euphorbia hirta L. leaves showing antioxidant and antifungal properties

Mekam Pascal Noel;Martini Serena
;
Nguefack Julienne;Tagliazucchi Davide;Stefani Emilio
2019

Abstract

The bioactive chemical constituents of water and ethanol extracts of Euphorbia hirta L. leaves have been identified and quantified using an un-targeted mass spectrometric approach. The study allowed the tentative identification of 123 individual phenolic compounds and 18 non-phenolic phytochemicals, most of them described in Euphorbia hirta L. leaves for the first time. Gallotannins, hydroxybenzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids were the most abundant phenolic classes in Euphorbia hirta L. leaves, representing together the 71.5% (26.3%, 25.2% and 20%, respectively) of the total amount of identified phenolics. The main phenolic compounds detected were tri-O-galloyl-glucose isomers, feruloyl-coniferin, tetra-O-galloyl-glucose isomers, di-O-galloyl-glucose isomers, ethyl-gallic acid, protocatechuic acid-O-pentoside-O-hexoside, 5-O-caffeoyl-quinic acid trans isomer and digalloyl-quinic acid. Feruloyl-coniferin was found to be approximately six times more concentrated in the ethanol extract with respect to the water extract. The ethanol extract exhibited higher ABTS (1338.3 ± 85.3 and 802.3 ± 91.0 μmol ascorbic acid equivalent/gram of dry extract, respectively) and superoxide anion (2014.6 ± 78.6 and 1528.0 ± 111.7 μmol ascorbic acid equivalent/gram of dry extract, respectively) scavenging abilities than the water extract. Additionally, the ethanol extract also showed a remarkable anti-fungal effect against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum, Alternaria solani and Rhizoctonia solani. This study provides new information about Euphorbia hirta L., offering reasons to promote this plant species as rich source of phenolics and an excellent source of antifungal molecules that might have a prospective use in controlling fungal diseases of vegetable crops.
2019
127
319
332
Phenolic compounds profile of water and ethanol extracts of Euphorbia hirta L. leaves showing antioxidant and antifungal properties / Mekam, Pascal Noel; Martini, Serena; Nguefack, Julienne; Tagliazucchi, Davide; Stefani, Emilio. - In: SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY. - ISSN 0254-6299. - 127:(2019), pp. 319-332. [10.1016/j.sajb.2019.11.001]
Mekam, Pascal Noel; Martini, Serena; Nguefack, Julienne; Tagliazucchi, Davide; Stefani, Emilio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1188838
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