Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological malignancy, often because of the frequent insurgence of chemoresistance to the drugs currently used. Thus, new therapeutical agents are needed. We tested the toxicity of 16 new DNA-intercalating agents to cisplatin (cDDP)-sensitive human ovarian carcinoma cell lines and their resistant counterparts. The compounds were the complexes of Pt(II) or Pd(II) with bipyridyl (bipy) and phenanthrolyl (phen) and with four dierent thiourea ancillary ligands. Within each of the four series of complexes characterized by the same thiourea ligand, the Pd(phen) drugs invariably showed the highest anti-proliferative ecacy. This paralleled both a higher intracellular drug accumulation and a more ecient DNA intercalation than all the other metal-bidentate ligand combinations. The consequent inhibition of topoisomerase II activity led to the greatest inhibition of DNA metabolism, evidenced by the inhibition of the expression of the folate cycle enzymes and a marked perturbation of cell-cycle distribution in both cell lines. These findings indicate that the particular interaction of Pd(II) with phenanthroline confers the best pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties that make this class of DNA intercalators remarkable inhibitors, even of the resistant cell growth.

The 1,10-phenanthroline ligand enhances the antiproliferative activity of dna-intercalating thiourea-pd(Ii) and-pt(ii) complexes against cisplatin-sensitive and-resistant human ovarian cancer cell lines / Marverti, G.; Gozzi, G.; Lauriola, A.; Ponterini, G.; Belluti, S.; Imbriano, C.; Costi, M. P.; D’Arca, D.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 20:24(2019), pp. 6122-6139. [10.3390/ijms20246122]

The 1,10-phenanthroline ligand enhances the antiproliferative activity of dna-intercalating thiourea-pd(Ii) and-pt(ii) complexes against cisplatin-sensitive and-resistant human ovarian cancer cell lines

Marverti G.
;
Gozzi G.;Lauriola A.;Ponterini G.;Belluti S.;Imbriano C.;Costi M. P.;D’Arca D.
2019

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological malignancy, often because of the frequent insurgence of chemoresistance to the drugs currently used. Thus, new therapeutical agents are needed. We tested the toxicity of 16 new DNA-intercalating agents to cisplatin (cDDP)-sensitive human ovarian carcinoma cell lines and their resistant counterparts. The compounds were the complexes of Pt(II) or Pd(II) with bipyridyl (bipy) and phenanthrolyl (phen) and with four dierent thiourea ancillary ligands. Within each of the four series of complexes characterized by the same thiourea ligand, the Pd(phen) drugs invariably showed the highest anti-proliferative ecacy. This paralleled both a higher intracellular drug accumulation and a more ecient DNA intercalation than all the other metal-bidentate ligand combinations. The consequent inhibition of topoisomerase II activity led to the greatest inhibition of DNA metabolism, evidenced by the inhibition of the expression of the folate cycle enzymes and a marked perturbation of cell-cycle distribution in both cell lines. These findings indicate that the particular interaction of Pd(II) with phenanthroline confers the best pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties that make this class of DNA intercalators remarkable inhibitors, even of the resistant cell growth.
4-dic-2019
20
24
6122
6139
The 1,10-phenanthroline ligand enhances the antiproliferative activity of dna-intercalating thiourea-pd(Ii) and-pt(ii) complexes against cisplatin-sensitive and-resistant human ovarian cancer cell lines / Marverti, G.; Gozzi, G.; Lauriola, A.; Ponterini, G.; Belluti, S.; Imbriano, C.; Costi, M. P.; D’Arca, D.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 20:24(2019), pp. 6122-6139. [10.3390/ijms20246122]
Marverti, G.; Gozzi, G.; Lauriola, A.; Ponterini, G.; Belluti, S.; Imbriano, C.; Costi, M. P.; D’Arca, D.
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