Two-stroke diesel engines could be a promising solution for reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from light-duty vehicles. The main objective of this study was to assess the potential of two-stroke engines in achieving a substantial reduction in CO2 emissions compared to four-stroke diesel baselines. As part of this study 1-D models were developed for loop scavenged two-stroke and opposed piston two-stroke diesel engine concepts. Based on the engine models and an in-house vehicle model, projections were made for the CO2 emissions for a representative light-duty vehicle over the New European Driving Cycle and the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure. The loop scavenged two-stroke engine had about 5-6% lower CO2 emissions over the two driving cycles compared to a state of the art four-stroke diesel engine, while the opposed piston diesel engine had about 13-15% potential benefit. Opposed piston two-stroke engines offer the potential for even higher thermal efficiency than loop scavenged two-stroke engines. The efficiency advantages of the opposed piston two-stroke engine are mainly because of lower in-cylinder heat losses due to elimination of the cylinder head and lower surface area to volume ratio. The thermal efficiency of a loop scavenged two-stroke engine can be potentially further improved by using thermal barrier materials for incylinder surfaces to minimize heat losses. Analytical studies show that integration of thermal barrier materials and two-stroke loop scavenged engine could lead to a cost effective highly efficient diesel engine. Whether the theoretical benefit translates to actual CO2 emissions reduction will have to be verified experimentally.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||An Analytical Assessment of the CO2 Emissions Benefit of Two-Stroke Diesel Engines|
|Autori:||Warey, Alok; Gopalakrishnan, Venkatesh; Potter, Michael; Mattarelli, Enrico; Rinaldini, Carlo Alberto|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.4271/2016-01-0659|
|Data del convegno:||2016|
|Nome del convegno:||SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition|
|Luogo del convegno:||usa|
|Titolo del libro:||SAE TECHNICAL PAPER|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Relazione in Atti di Convegno|
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