In the attempt to substitute dimethyl-p-toluidine (DMPT), a toxic tertiary aryl-amine accelerator, into the formulation of acrylic cements, less toxic accelerator systems are developed. These systems consist of benzoyl peroxide (BPO) and unsaturated tertiary-aryl-amines, such as acryloyl- (ANP) and methacryloyl-(MNP) N-phenylpiperazine, which can be chemically incorporated in the polymerizing resin or, at least, result in less leaching from cured materials. In this work compressive mechanical properties and ageing tests for colour stability of acrylic cement cured with BPO and ANP or MNP have been considered. For compressive tests, cylindrical specimens were cured with BPO and equivalent molecular amounts of DMPT, ANP and MNP. Compressive yield stress (sigma y), strain at yield (epsilon y, %) and elastic modulus (E) gave very similar results for samples cured with DMPT and ANP, and slightly lower results for samples cured with MNP. In colour stability tests, the samples (disks of 1.5 cm diameter) were exposed to UV light at different irradiation times (up to 42 h). The evaluation of the colour change was performed with a digital analyser for images, and observed under scanning electron microscopy. From the obtained results, ANP appeared to be the best candidate as accelerator in the preparation of biomedical acrylic resins and composites.

Physical characterization of acrylic bone cement cured with new accelerator systems / Tanzi, Mc; Sket, I; Gatti, Antonietta; Monari, Emanuela. - In: CLINICAL MATERIALS. - ISSN 0267-6605. - STAMPA. - 8:(1991), pp. 131-136.

Physical characterization of acrylic bone cement cured with new accelerator systems

GATTI, Antonietta;MONARI, Emanuela
1991

Abstract

In the attempt to substitute dimethyl-p-toluidine (DMPT), a toxic tertiary aryl-amine accelerator, into the formulation of acrylic cements, less toxic accelerator systems are developed. These systems consist of benzoyl peroxide (BPO) and unsaturated tertiary-aryl-amines, such as acryloyl- (ANP) and methacryloyl-(MNP) N-phenylpiperazine, which can be chemically incorporated in the polymerizing resin or, at least, result in less leaching from cured materials. In this work compressive mechanical properties and ageing tests for colour stability of acrylic cement cured with BPO and ANP or MNP have been considered. For compressive tests, cylindrical specimens were cured with BPO and equivalent molecular amounts of DMPT, ANP and MNP. Compressive yield stress (sigma y), strain at yield (epsilon y, %) and elastic modulus (E) gave very similar results for samples cured with DMPT and ANP, and slightly lower results for samples cured with MNP. In colour stability tests, the samples (disks of 1.5 cm diameter) were exposed to UV light at different irradiation times (up to 42 h). The evaluation of the colour change was performed with a digital analyser for images, and observed under scanning electron microscopy. From the obtained results, ANP appeared to be the best candidate as accelerator in the preparation of biomedical acrylic resins and composites.
8
131
136
Physical characterization of acrylic bone cement cured with new accelerator systems / Tanzi, Mc; Sket, I; Gatti, Antonietta; Monari, Emanuela. - In: CLINICAL MATERIALS. - ISSN 0267-6605. - STAMPA. - 8:(1991), pp. 131-136.
Tanzi, Mc; Sket, I; Gatti, Antonietta; Monari, Emanuela
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/851919
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