Background And Purpose Many of the addictive and rewarding effects of nicotine are due to its actions on the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes expressed in dopaminergic mesocorticolimbic cells. The partial agonists, cytisine and varenicline, are helpful smoking cessation aids. These drugs have a number of side effects that limit their usefulness. The aim of this study was to investigate the pre-clinical pharmacology of the cytisine dimer CC4. Experimental Approach The effects of CC4 on nAChRs were investigated using in vitro assays and animal behaviors. Key Results When electrophysiologically tested using heterologously expressed human subtypes, CC4 was less efficacious than cytisine on neuronal α4β2, α3β4, α7 and muscle-type receptors, and had no effect on 5-hydroxytryptamine3 receptors. Acting through α4β2 and α6β2 nAChRs, CC4 is a partial agonist of nAChR-mediated striatal dopamine release and, when co-incubated with nicotine, prevented nicotine's maximal effect on this response. In addition, it had low affinity for, and was less efficacious than nicotine and cytisine on the α3β4 and α7− nAChR subtypes. Like cytisine and nicotine, CC4 induced conditioned place preference (CPP), and its self-administration shows an inverted-U dose-response curve. Pre-treatment with non-reinforcing doses of CC4 significantly reduced nicotine-induced self-administration and CPP without affecting motor functions. Conclusions And Implications Our in vitro and in vivo findings reveal that CC4 selectively reduces behaviours associated with nicotine addiction consistent with the partial agonist selectivity of CC4 for β2-nAChRs. The results support the possible development of CC4 or its derivatives as a promising drug for tobacco smoking cessation.

CC4, a dimer of cytisine, is a selective partial agonist at α4β2/α6β2 nAChR with improved selectivity for tobacco smoking cessation / Sala, M; Braida, D; Pucci, L; Manfredi, I; Marks, Mj; Wageman, Cr; Grady, Sr; Loi, B; Fucile, S; Fasoli, F; Zoli, Michele; Tasso, B; Sparatore, F; Clementi, F; Gotti, C.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - STAMPA. - 168:4(2013), pp. 835-849. [10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.02204.x]

CC4, a dimer of cytisine, is a selective partial agonist at α4β2/α6β2 nAChR with improved selectivity for tobacco smoking cessation

ZOLI, Michele;
2013

Abstract

Background And Purpose Many of the addictive and rewarding effects of nicotine are due to its actions on the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtypes expressed in dopaminergic mesocorticolimbic cells. The partial agonists, cytisine and varenicline, are helpful smoking cessation aids. These drugs have a number of side effects that limit their usefulness. The aim of this study was to investigate the pre-clinical pharmacology of the cytisine dimer CC4. Experimental Approach The effects of CC4 on nAChRs were investigated using in vitro assays and animal behaviors. Key Results When electrophysiologically tested using heterologously expressed human subtypes, CC4 was less efficacious than cytisine on neuronal α4β2, α3β4, α7 and muscle-type receptors, and had no effect on 5-hydroxytryptamine3 receptors. Acting through α4β2 and α6β2 nAChRs, CC4 is a partial agonist of nAChR-mediated striatal dopamine release and, when co-incubated with nicotine, prevented nicotine's maximal effect on this response. In addition, it had low affinity for, and was less efficacious than nicotine and cytisine on the α3β4 and α7− nAChR subtypes. Like cytisine and nicotine, CC4 induced conditioned place preference (CPP), and its self-administration shows an inverted-U dose-response curve. Pre-treatment with non-reinforcing doses of CC4 significantly reduced nicotine-induced self-administration and CPP without affecting motor functions. Conclusions And Implications Our in vitro and in vivo findings reveal that CC4 selectively reduces behaviours associated with nicotine addiction consistent with the partial agonist selectivity of CC4 for β2-nAChRs. The results support the possible development of CC4 or its derivatives as a promising drug for tobacco smoking cessation.
168
4
835
849
CC4, a dimer of cytisine, is a selective partial agonist at α4β2/α6β2 nAChR with improved selectivity for tobacco smoking cessation / Sala, M; Braida, D; Pucci, L; Manfredi, I; Marks, Mj; Wageman, Cr; Grady, Sr; Loi, B; Fucile, S; Fasoli, F; Zoli, Michele; Tasso, B; Sparatore, F; Clementi, F; Gotti, C.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - STAMPA. - 168:4(2013), pp. 835-849. [10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.02204.x]
Sala, M; Braida, D; Pucci, L; Manfredi, I; Marks, Mj; Wageman, Cr; Grady, Sr; Loi, B; Fucile, S; Fasoli, F; Zoli, Michele; Tasso, B; Sparatore, F; Clementi, F; Gotti, C.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/812726
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 29
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 29
social impact