Two experiments were conducted to investigate whether physical and observational practice in task-sharing entail comparable implicit motor learning. To this end, the social-transfer-of-learning (SToL) effect was assessed when both participants performed the joint practice task (Experiment 1 – complete task-sharing), or when one participant observed the other performing half of the practice task (Experiment 2 – evocative task-sharing). Since the inversion of the spatial relations between responding agent and stimulus position has been shown to prevent SToL, in the present study we assessed it in both complete and evocative task-sharing conditions either when spatial relations were kept constant or changed from the practice to the transfer session. The same pattern of results was found for both complete and evocative task-sharing, thus suggesting that implicit motor learning in evocative task-sharing is equivalent to that obtained in complete task-sharing. We conclude that this motor learning originates from the simulation of the complementary (rather than the imitative) action.

Look What I Am Doing: Does Observational Learning Take Place in Evocative Task-Sharing Situations? / Ferraro, Luca; Iani, Cristina; Mariani, Michele; R., Nicoletti; V., Gallese; Rubichi, Sandro. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 7(8):(2012), pp. e43311-e43311. [10.1371/journal.pone.0043311]

Look What I Am Doing: Does Observational Learning Take Place in Evocative Task-Sharing Situations?

FERRARO, LUCA;IANI, Cristina;MARIANI, Michele;RUBICHI, Sandro
2012-01-01

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to investigate whether physical and observational practice in task-sharing entail comparable implicit motor learning. To this end, the social-transfer-of-learning (SToL) effect was assessed when both participants performed the joint practice task (Experiment 1 – complete task-sharing), or when one participant observed the other performing half of the practice task (Experiment 2 – evocative task-sharing). Since the inversion of the spatial relations between responding agent and stimulus position has been shown to prevent SToL, in the present study we assessed it in both complete and evocative task-sharing conditions either when spatial relations were kept constant or changed from the practice to the transfer session. The same pattern of results was found for both complete and evocative task-sharing, thus suggesting that implicit motor learning in evocative task-sharing is equivalent to that obtained in complete task-sharing. We conclude that this motor learning originates from the simulation of the complementary (rather than the imitative) action.
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e43311
e43311
Look What I Am Doing: Does Observational Learning Take Place in Evocative Task-Sharing Situations? / Ferraro, Luca; Iani, Cristina; Mariani, Michele; R., Nicoletti; V., Gallese; Rubichi, Sandro. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 7(8):(2012), pp. e43311-e43311. [10.1371/journal.pone.0043311]
Ferraro, Luca; Iani, Cristina; Mariani, Michele; R., Nicoletti; V., Gallese; Rubichi, Sandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/811715
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