In this paper the 1-D modeling of flow through the assembly of valve and port in internal combustion engines is discussed. Three dimensional effects and flow losses close to the valve are accounted for through the experimental effective area, determined at a steady flow bench. The steady flow bench is standard equipment, widely used for engine design and development. The classic method is adequate to the purpose as long as the objective of measuring the effective area is a comparative process for the experimental improvement of the flow through the valves. On the contrary, if the effective area is used for engine cycle simulation, the experimental results must be considered with care.
On the flow modeling through the valve assembly in engine cycle simulations / Mattarelli, Enrico; A., Valentini. - In: SAE TECHNICAL PAPER. - ISSN 0148-7191. - ELETTRONICO. - (2000), pp. n.d.-n.d.. (Intervento presentato al convegno SAE 2000 World Congress tenutosi a Detroit, MI (USA) nel Marzo 2000) [10.4271/2000-01-0570].