To evaluate the hormonal and clinical follow-up after the suspension of a longterm therapy with GnRH-agonist (GnRH-a) plus oral contraceptive (OC) in comparison to OC alone in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).Hormonal (plasma LH, FSH, sex steroid levels) and clinical (Ferriman-Gallwey score and ultrasound) parameters were monitored at various moments during the 6 months of treatment and during the 6 months after treatment suspension.Physiopathology of Human Reproduction, University of Modena, Italy.Thirty patients with PCOS were enrolled and randomly subdivided in two groups of 15 each.Group A was treated with 3.75 mg IM GnRH-a plus OC. Group B was treated only with OC.Both therapeutical regimens were effective in reducing androgenic milieu, Ferriman-Gallwey score, and ovarian volume within the 6th month of treatment. However, only patients treated with GnRH-a + OC showed a normal LH:FSH ratio, adequate plasma E2 and P levels, and ovulatory cycles during the 6 months of the after treatment follow-up. Patients treated with OC alone showed no beneficial effect after the 3rd month of the follow-up.These data support the evidence of a higher efficacy of the combined regimen (GnRH-a + OC) than OC alone in the treatment of patients with PCOS. In addition, the former regimen is associated with recovery of normal ovulatory cycles.
A long-term treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist plus a low-dose oral contraceptive improves the recovery of the ovulatory function in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome / Genazzani, Alessandro; F., Petraglia; C., Battaglia; O., Gamba; Volpe, Annibale; A. R., Genazzani. - In: FERTILITY AND STERILITY. - ISSN 0015-0282. - STAMPA. - 67:(1997), pp. 463-468.