In the LDL-receptor gene, a large rearrangement causing hypercholesterolemia was detected in three apparently unrelated families living in northern Italy. In all probands, binding, internalization, and degradation of 125I-LDL measured in skin fibroblasts were found to be 40%-50% of control values, indicative of heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). Southern blot analysis revealed that the probands were heterozygous for a large (25-kb) deletion of the LDL-receptor gene eliminating exons 2-12. The affected subjects possessed two LDL-receptor mRNA species: one of normal size (5.3 kb) and one of smaller size (3.5 kb). In the latter mRNA, the coding sequence of exon 1 is joined to the coding sequence of exon 13, causing a change in the reading frame and thereby giving rise to a premature stop codon. The receptor protein deduced from the sequence of the defective mRNA is a short polypeptide of 29 amino acids, devoid of any function. Tracing these three families back to the 17th century, we found both their common ancestor and the possible origin of the mutation, in a region which is called "Lomellina" and which is located in southwest Lombardy, near the old city of Pavia. Therefore we named the mutation "FH-Pavia."

A large deletion in the LDL receptor gene--the cause of familial hypercholesterolemia in three Italian families: a study that dates back to the 17th century (FH-Pavia / Bertolini, S; Lelli, N; Coviello, Da; Ghisellini, Margherita; Masturzo, P; Tiozzo, Roberta; Elicio, N; Gaddi, A; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS. - ISSN 0002-9297. - STAMPA. - 51:(1992), pp. 123-134.

A large deletion in the LDL receptor gene--the cause of familial hypercholesterolemia in three Italian families: a study that dates back to the 17th century (FH-Pavia

GHISELLINI, Margherita;TIOZZO, Roberta;CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano
1992-01-01

Abstract

In the LDL-receptor gene, a large rearrangement causing hypercholesterolemia was detected in three apparently unrelated families living in northern Italy. In all probands, binding, internalization, and degradation of 125I-LDL measured in skin fibroblasts were found to be 40%-50% of control values, indicative of heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). Southern blot analysis revealed that the probands were heterozygous for a large (25-kb) deletion of the LDL-receptor gene eliminating exons 2-12. The affected subjects possessed two LDL-receptor mRNA species: one of normal size (5.3 kb) and one of smaller size (3.5 kb). In the latter mRNA, the coding sequence of exon 1 is joined to the coding sequence of exon 13, causing a change in the reading frame and thereby giving rise to a premature stop codon. The receptor protein deduced from the sequence of the defective mRNA is a short polypeptide of 29 amino acids, devoid of any function. Tracing these three families back to the 17th century, we found both their common ancestor and the possible origin of the mutation, in a region which is called "Lomellina" and which is located in southwest Lombardy, near the old city of Pavia. Therefore we named the mutation "FH-Pavia."
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A large deletion in the LDL receptor gene--the cause of familial hypercholesterolemia in three Italian families: a study that dates back to the 17th century (FH-Pavia / Bertolini, S; Lelli, N; Coviello, Da; Ghisellini, Margherita; Masturzo, P; Tiozzo, Roberta; Elicio, N; Gaddi, A; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS. - ISSN 0002-9297. - STAMPA. - 51:(1992), pp. 123-134.
Bertolini, S; Lelli, N; Coviello, Da; Ghisellini, Margherita; Masturzo, P; Tiozzo, Roberta; Elicio, N; Gaddi, A; CALANDRA BUONAURA, Sebastiano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/741128
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