To evaluate the possible correlation between immunological changes and implantation rates in patients who undergo in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET).Controlled clinical study.University hospital.Forty infertile women undergoing IVF-ET.Stroop Color Word (CW) test, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) test, blood sampling.Heart rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressure responses to Stroop CW; circulating T, B, T-helper (CD4), and T-suppressor (CD8) lymphocytes.The total number of T lymphocytes increased significantly during superovulation, resulting in significantly higher levels in subjects achieving embryo implantation than in those showing a failure of implantation. An opposite trend was observed for the activated T cells. The number of T-helper lymphocytes and the T-helper/T-suppressor ratio showed a significant increase from baseline to the time of pick-up only in patients with implantation.A prolonged condition of stress, which causes a decreased ability to adapt and a transitory anxious state, is associated with high amounts of activated T cells in the peripheral blood. Such a condition, in turn, is associated with a reduced implantation rate in women undergoing IVF-ET.
Immunological changes and stress are associated with different implantation rates in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer / A., Gallinelli; R., Roncaglia; M. L., Matteo; I., Ciaccio; Volpe, Annibale; Facchinetti, Fabio. - In: FERTILITY AND STERILITY. - ISSN 0015-0282. - STAMPA. - 76:1(2001), pp. 85-91. [10.1016/S0015-0282(01)01826-X]