Micromotion of the tibial component in 40 knee arthroplasties for gonarthrosis was studied using Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis. The stability of this component was assessed for 2 years' postoperatively. In all arthroplasties, an attempt was made to reconstruct the preoperative posterior slope. Posterior cruciate-retaining (CR) and posterior-stabilized (PS) components showed at 2 years a maximum total point motion of 0.6 +/- 0.4 mm and 0.7 +/- 0.5 mm, respectively. Whereas 92.5\% of the implants were determined to be stable, 1 of the CR group and 2 of the PS group displayed migration between the first and the second year of at least 0.2 mm. A negative correlation between subsidence of the tibial component at 2 years of follow-up and the difference between preoperative and postoperative tibial slope was found. Consequently, we suggest that restoring the original posterior slope of the tibial plateau must be a goal of tibial component implantation.
The stability of the cemented tibial component of total knee arthroplasty: posterior cruciate-retaining versus posterior-stabilized design / Catani, Fabio; A., Leardini; A., Ensini; G., Cucca; L., Bragonzoni; S., Toksvig Larsen; S., Giannini. - In: THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROPLASTY. - ISSN 0883-5403. - ELETTRONICO. - 19:(2004), pp. 775-782.