This study aimed to evaluate the inheritance of the trait ochratoxin A adsorption in two wine strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and their 46 descendants. Each strain was inoculated intriplicate in test tubes containing 10 mL of must obtained from the Calabrian Zibibbo white grape variety, artificially contaminated with ochratoxin A to reach a total content of 4.10 ng/mL. Themicrovinification trials were performed at 25°C. After 30 days, ochratoxin A values ranged from 0.74 to 3.18 ng/mL, from 0.01 to 2.69 ng/mL, and from 0.60 to 2.95 ng/mL respectively in wines,in lees after washing, and in the saline solution used to wash the lees. The analysis of OTA in wines was performed to find the residual toxin content after yeast activity, thus obtainingtechnological evidence of yeast influence on wine detoxification. The analysis of OTA in lees after washing was performed to distinguish the OTA linked to cells. The analysis of OTA in thesaline solution used to wash the lees was performed to distinguish the OTA adsorbed on yeast cell walls and removed by washing, thus focusing on the adsorption activity of wine yeastthrough electrostatic and ionic interactions between parietal mannoproteins and OTA. Ploidy of the two parental strains was controlled by flow cytometry. Results demonstrated that theochratoxin A adsorption is genetically controlled and is a polygenic inheritable trait of wine yeasts. The majority of the descendants are characterized by a great and significant diversitycompared to their parents. Both the parental strains had genome sizes consistent with their being diploid, so validating the observed results. These findings constitute an initial step to demonstrate the mechanisms of inheritance and establish breeding strategies to improve the ochratoxin A adsorption trait in wine yeasts. This will allow a decrease in the ochratoxin A content of contaminated musts during winemaking, by using genetically improved wine yeasts.
Ochratoxin A adsorption phenotype: an inheritable yeast trait / Andrea, Caridi1; Rossana, Sidari; Pulvirenti, Andrea; Giuseppe, Meca; Alberto, Ritieni. - In: JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-1260. - STAMPA. - 3 - 2012(2012), pp. 025-035. [10.2323/jgam.58.225]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Titolo:||Ochratoxin A adsorption phenotype: an inheritable yeast trait|
|Autore/i:||Andrea, Caridi1; Rossana, Sidari; Pulvirenti, Andrea; Giuseppe, Meca; Alberto, Ritieni|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.2323/jgam.58.225|
|Volume:||3 - 2012|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000307355000007|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84865085450|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||22878740|
|Citazione:||Ochratoxin A adsorption phenotype: an inheritable yeast trait / Andrea, Caridi1; Rossana, Sidari; Pulvirenti, Andrea; Giuseppe, Meca; Alberto, Ritieni. - In: JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-1260. - STAMPA. - 3 - 2012(2012), pp. 025-035. [10.2323/jgam.58.225]|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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