Objective—Mutations of the ANGPTL3 gene have been associated with a novel form of primary hypobetalipoproteinemia, the combined hypolipidemia (cHLP), characterized by low total cholesterol and low HDL-cholesterol levels. The aim of this work is to define the role of ANGPTL3 gene as determinant of the combined hypolipidemia phenotype in 2 large cohorts of 913 among American and Italian subjects with primary hypobetalipoproteinemia (total cholesterol 5th percentile).Methods and Results—The combined hypolipidemia cut-offs were chosen according to total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol levels reported in the ANGPTL3 kindred described to date: total cholesterol levels, 2nd percentile and HDL-cholesterol, levels 2nd decile. Seventy-eight subjects with combined hypolipidemia were analyzed for ANGPTL3 and APOB genes. We identified nonsense and/or missense mutations in ANGPTL3 gene in 8 subjects; nomutations of the APOB gene were found. Mutated ANGPTL3 homozygous/compound heterozygous subjects showed amore severe biochemical phenotype compared to heterozygous or ANGPTL3 negative subjects, although ANGPTL3 heterozygotes did not differ from ANGPTL3 negative subjects.Conclusion—these results demonstrated that in a cohort of subjects with severe primary hypobetalipoproteinemia the prevalence of ANGPTL3 gene mutations responsible for a combined hypolipidemia phenotype is about 10%, whereas mutations of APOB gene are absent.
Prevalence of ANGPTL3 and APOB Gene Mutations in Subjects With Combined Hypolipidemia / D., Noto; A. B., Cefalù; V., Valenti; F., Fayer; E., Pinotti; M., Ditta; R., Spina; G., Vigna; P., Yue; S., Kathiresan; Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; M. R., Averna. - In: ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, THROMBOSIS, AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1079-5642. - STAMPA. - 32:(2012), pp. 805-809. [10.1161/ATVBAHA.111.238766]