The results of a combined x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) study of Ni nanoparticles (NP), before and after oxidation, are presented. An experimental set-up was realized for the preparation and study of pre-formed NP films, concentrating the attention on Ni NP in the diameter range between 4 and 8 nm. The XPS data were taken in situ from NPs after different stages of oxidation, including controlled dosing of O(2) gas in the experimental system and exposure to the atmosphere. The Ni 2p structure is a combination of spectra from metallic Ni in the NP core and from the oxide shell. The signal from the NP core was observed even for samples after exposure to air. From the comparison of HR-TEM experimental images with theoretical simulations, it was found that the Ni NP core has a regular multitwinned icosahedral structure, composed of single-crystal tetrahedra with (111) faces. The NiO phase is clearly observed forming islands on the NP surface.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||Structure and stability of nickel/nickel oxide core-shell nanoparticles|
|Autore/i:||S. D'Addato; V. Grillo; S. Altieri; R. Tondi; S. Valeri; S. Frabboni|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/0953-8984/23/17/175003|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000289555700005|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-79954998163|
|Citazione:||Structure and stability of nickel/nickel oxide core-shell nanoparticles / S. D'Addato; V. Grillo; S. Altieri; R. Tondi; S. Valeri; S. Frabboni. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONDENSED MATTER. - ISSN 0953-8984. - STAMPA. - 23(2011), pp. 175003-1-175003-7.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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