Aim: To calibrate eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in healthy adults.Research design: A cross-sectional study was carried out.Subjects: Sixty-eight females and 42 males aged 21-82 years participated in the study.Methods: Whole-body fat-free mass (FFM) and appendicular lean tissue mass (LTM) were measured by DXA; resistance (R) of arms, trunk and legs was measured by eight-polar BIA at frequencies of 5, 50, 250 and 500 kHz; whole-body resistance was calculated as the sum R of arms, trunk and legs.Results: The resistance index (RI), i.e. the height(2)/resistance ratio, was the best predictor of FFM and appendicular LTM. As compared with weight (Wt), RI at 500 kHz explained 35% more variance of FFM (R-adj(2) =0.92 vs 0.57), 45% more variance of LTMarm (R-adj(2) = 0.93 vs 0.48) and 36% more variance of LTleg (R-adj(2) = 0.86 vs 0.50) (p < 0.001 for all). The contribution of age to the unexplained variance of FFM and appendicular LTM was nil or negligible and the RI x sex interactions were either not significant or not important on practical grounds. The percent root mean square error of the estimate was 6% for FFM and 8% for LTMarm and LTMleg.Conclusion: Eight-polar BIA offers accurate estimates of total and appendicular body composition. The attractive hypothesis that eight-polar BIA is influenced minimally by age and sex should be tested on larger samples including younger individuals.

Cross-calibration of eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis versus dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in healthy subjects aged 21-82 years / Malavolti, Marcella; Mussi, Chiara; Poli, Marco; Fantuzzi, Anna Laura; Salvioli, Gianfranco; Battistini, Nino Carlo; G., Bedogni. - In: ANNALS OF HUMAN BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-4460. - STAMPA. - 30:(2003), pp. 380-391.

Cross-calibration of eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis versus dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in healthy subjects aged 21-82 years.

MALAVOLTI, Marcella;MUSSI, Chiara;POLI, Marco;FANTUZZI, Anna Laura;SALVIOLI, Gianfranco;BATTISTINI, Nino Carlo;
2003

Abstract

Aim: To calibrate eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in healthy adults.Research design: A cross-sectional study was carried out.Subjects: Sixty-eight females and 42 males aged 21-82 years participated in the study.Methods: Whole-body fat-free mass (FFM) and appendicular lean tissue mass (LTM) were measured by DXA; resistance (R) of arms, trunk and legs was measured by eight-polar BIA at frequencies of 5, 50, 250 and 500 kHz; whole-body resistance was calculated as the sum R of arms, trunk and legs.Results: The resistance index (RI), i.e. the height(2)/resistance ratio, was the best predictor of FFM and appendicular LTM. As compared with weight (Wt), RI at 500 kHz explained 35% more variance of FFM (R-adj(2) =0.92 vs 0.57), 45% more variance of LTMarm (R-adj(2) = 0.93 vs 0.48) and 36% more variance of LTleg (R-adj(2) = 0.86 vs 0.50) (p < 0.001 for all). The contribution of age to the unexplained variance of FFM and appendicular LTM was nil or negligible and the RI x sex interactions were either not significant or not important on practical grounds. The percent root mean square error of the estimate was 6% for FFM and 8% for LTMarm and LTMleg.Conclusion: Eight-polar BIA offers accurate estimates of total and appendicular body composition. The attractive hypothesis that eight-polar BIA is influenced minimally by age and sex should be tested on larger samples including younger individuals.
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Cross-calibration of eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis versus dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for the assessment of total and appendicular body composition in healthy subjects aged 21-82 years / Malavolti, Marcella; Mussi, Chiara; Poli, Marco; Fantuzzi, Anna Laura; Salvioli, Gianfranco; Battistini, Nino Carlo; G., Bedogni. - In: ANNALS OF HUMAN BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-4460. - STAMPA. - 30:(2003), pp. 380-391.
Malavolti, Marcella; Mussi, Chiara; Poli, Marco; Fantuzzi, Anna Laura; Salvioli, Gianfranco; Battistini, Nino Carlo; G., Bedogni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/648005
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