Human hemochromatosis (HC) has been associated with the common C282Y polymorphism of HFE or rare pathogenic mutations of TfR2, HJV, FPN and HAMP. All forms of human HC seem to be caused by low or inadequate levels of hepcidin, the iron hormone. We and others have recently shown that Hfe(-/-) mice exhibit an impairment in the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway controlling hepcidin. However, all data indicating the central role of BMPs in hepcidin regulation and an impaired BMP/SMAD signaling in HC have been collected in mice. In this study we investigated whether also in humans the expression of BMP signaling targets, SMAD7 and Id1, are associated with liver iron concentration (LIC) and whether such regulation is disrupted in HFE-HC. We correlated the mRNA expression, assessed by RT-PCR, of HAMP, SMAD7 and Id1 with LIC in liver biopsies from patients with normal iron status. HFE-HC or non-HC hepatic iron overload. We found that in human liver, not only HAMP, but also SMAD7 and Id1 mRNA significantly correlate with the extent of hepatic iron burden. However, this correlation is lost in patients with HFE-HC, but maintained in subjects with non-hemochromatotic iron overload. These data indicate that in human HFE-HC a disrupted BMP/SMAD signaling in the liver is key in the pathogenesis of the disease.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Titolo:||Altered hepatic BMP signaling pathway in human HFE hemochromatosis.|
|Autore/i:||Bolondi, G; Garuti, Cinzia; Corradini, Elena; Zoller, H; Vogel, W; Finkenstedt, A; Babitt, Jl; Lin, Hy; Pietrangelo, Antonello|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000285033500010|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-78649445085|
|Citazione:||Altered hepatic BMP signaling pathway in human HFE hemochromatosis. / Bolondi, G; Garuti, Cinzia; Corradini, Elena; Zoller, H; Vogel, W; Finkenstedt, A; Babitt, Jl; Lin, Hy; Pietrangelo, Antonello. - In: BLOOD CELLS, MOLECULES, & DISEASES. - ISSN 1079-9796. - STAMPA. - 45(4)(2010), pp. 308-312.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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