Obligate psychrophilic, facultative psychrophilic, and mesophilic yeasts were cultured in a carbon-rich medium at different temperatures to investigate whether growth parameters, lipid accumulation, and fatty acid (FA) composition were adaptive and/or acclimatory responses. Acclimation of facultative psychrophiles and mesophiles to a lower temperature decreased their specific growth rate, but did not affect their biomass yield (Y(X/S)). Obligate and facultative psychrophiles exhibited the highest Y(X/S). Acclimation to lower temperature decreased the lipid yield (Y(L/X)) in mesophilic yeasts, but did not affect Y(L/X) in facultative psychrophilic ones. Similar Y(L/X) were found in both groups of psychrophiles, suggesting that lipid accumulation is not a distinctive characteristic of adaptation to permanently cold environments. The unsaturation of FAs was one major adaptive feature of the yeasts colonizing permanently cold ecosystems. Remarkable amounts of alpha-linolenic acid were found in obligate psychrophiles at the expense of linoleic acid, whereas it was scarce or absent in all the other strains. Increased unsaturation of FAs was also a general acclimatory response of facultative psychrophiles to a lower temperature. These results improve the knowledge of the responses enabling psychrophilic yeasts to cope with the cold and may be of support for potential biotechnological exploitation of these strains.

Growth, lipid accumulation, and fatty acid composition in obligate psychrophilic, facultative psychrophilic, and mesophilic yeasts / Rossi, Maddalena; P., Buzzini; L., Cordisco; Amaretti, Alberto; M., Sala; Raimondi, Stefano; C., Ponzoni; Pagnoni, Ugo Maria; D., Matteuzzi. - In: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-6496. - ELETTRONICO. - 69(3):(2009), pp. 363-372. [10.1111/j.1574-6941.2009.00727.x]

Growth, lipid accumulation, and fatty acid composition in obligate psychrophilic, facultative psychrophilic, and mesophilic yeasts.

ROSSI, Maddalena;AMARETTI, Alberto;RAIMONDI, Stefano;PAGNONI, Ugo Maria;
2009

Abstract

Obligate psychrophilic, facultative psychrophilic, and mesophilic yeasts were cultured in a carbon-rich medium at different temperatures to investigate whether growth parameters, lipid accumulation, and fatty acid (FA) composition were adaptive and/or acclimatory responses. Acclimation of facultative psychrophiles and mesophiles to a lower temperature decreased their specific growth rate, but did not affect their biomass yield (Y(X/S)). Obligate and facultative psychrophiles exhibited the highest Y(X/S). Acclimation to lower temperature decreased the lipid yield (Y(L/X)) in mesophilic yeasts, but did not affect Y(L/X) in facultative psychrophilic ones. Similar Y(L/X) were found in both groups of psychrophiles, suggesting that lipid accumulation is not a distinctive characteristic of adaptation to permanently cold environments. The unsaturation of FAs was one major adaptive feature of the yeasts colonizing permanently cold ecosystems. Remarkable amounts of alpha-linolenic acid were found in obligate psychrophiles at the expense of linoleic acid, whereas it was scarce or absent in all the other strains. Increased unsaturation of FAs was also a general acclimatory response of facultative psychrophiles to a lower temperature. These results improve the knowledge of the responses enabling psychrophilic yeasts to cope with the cold and may be of support for potential biotechnological exploitation of these strains.
69(3)
363
372
Growth, lipid accumulation, and fatty acid composition in obligate psychrophilic, facultative psychrophilic, and mesophilic yeasts / Rossi, Maddalena; P., Buzzini; L., Cordisco; Amaretti, Alberto; M., Sala; Raimondi, Stefano; C., Ponzoni; Pagnoni, Ugo Maria; D., Matteuzzi. - In: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-6496. - ELETTRONICO. - 69(3):(2009), pp. 363-372. [10.1111/j.1574-6941.2009.00727.x]
Rossi, Maddalena; P., Buzzini; L., Cordisco; Amaretti, Alberto; M., Sala; Raimondi, Stefano; C., Ponzoni; Pagnoni, Ugo Maria; D., Matteuzzi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/640774
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