The absorption and the emission spectra of undoped and doped silicon nanocrystals of different size and surface terminations have been calculated within a first-principles framework. The effects induced by the creation of an electron-hole pair on the atomic structure and on the optical spectra of hydrogenated silicon nanoclusters as a function of dimension are discussed showing the strong interplay between the structural and optical properties of the system. Starting from the hydrogenated clusters, (i) different Si/O bonding at the cluster surface and (ii) different doping configurations have been considered. We have found that the presence of a Si-O-Si bridge bond at the nanocrystal surface gives rise to significant excitonic luminescence features in the near-visible range that are in fair agreement with photoluminescence (PL) measurements on oxidized and SiO_{2} embedded nanocrystals. The study of the structural, electronic and optical properties of simultaneously n- and p-type doped hydrogenated silicon nanocrystals with boron and phosphorous impurities have shown that B-P co-doping is energetically favorable with respect to single B- or P-doping and that the two impurities tend to occupy nearest neighbors sites. The co-doped nanocrystals present band edge states localized on the impurities that are responsible of a red-shifted absorption threshold with respect to that of pure un-doped nanocrystals in agreement with the experiment.

Role of surface passivation and doping in silicon nanocrystals / Magri, Rita; Degoli, Elena; Iori, Federico; Luppi, Eleonora; Pulci, O.; Ossicini, Stefano; Cantele, G; Trani, F; Ninno, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1472-7978. - ELETTRONICO. - 7:(2007), pp. 219-232.

Role of surface passivation and doping in silicon nanocrystals

MAGRI, Rita;DEGOLI, Elena;IORI, Federico;LUPPI, Eleonora;OSSICINI, Stefano;
2007

Abstract

The absorption and the emission spectra of undoped and doped silicon nanocrystals of different size and surface terminations have been calculated within a first-principles framework. The effects induced by the creation of an electron-hole pair on the atomic structure and on the optical spectra of hydrogenated silicon nanoclusters as a function of dimension are discussed showing the strong interplay between the structural and optical properties of the system. Starting from the hydrogenated clusters, (i) different Si/O bonding at the cluster surface and (ii) different doping configurations have been considered. We have found that the presence of a Si-O-Si bridge bond at the nanocrystal surface gives rise to significant excitonic luminescence features in the near-visible range that are in fair agreement with photoluminescence (PL) measurements on oxidized and SiO_{2} embedded nanocrystals. The study of the structural, electronic and optical properties of simultaneously n- and p-type doped hydrogenated silicon nanocrystals with boron and phosphorous impurities have shown that B-P co-doping is energetically favorable with respect to single B- or P-doping and that the two impurities tend to occupy nearest neighbors sites. The co-doped nanocrystals present band edge states localized on the impurities that are responsible of a red-shifted absorption threshold with respect to that of pure un-doped nanocrystals in agreement with the experiment.
7
219
232
Role of surface passivation and doping in silicon nanocrystals / Magri, Rita; Degoli, Elena; Iori, Federico; Luppi, Eleonora; Pulci, O.; Ossicini, Stefano; Cantele, G; Trani, F; Ninno, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1472-7978. - ELETTRONICO. - 7:(2007), pp. 219-232.
Magri, Rita; Degoli, Elena; Iori, Federico; Luppi, Eleonora; Pulci, O.; Ossicini, Stefano; Cantele, G; Trani, F; Ninno, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/612249
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