Objective: Several studies demonstrated that obese subjects have a hyperactive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and that sex steroid hormones have been closely related to the regulation of adiposity, either through direct or indirect physiological mechanisms. Allopregnanolone (3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregn-20-one; AP) is a circulating neuroactive steroid hormone involved in the modulation of behavioral functions, stress and neuroendocrine axis. The aim of our study was to evaluate basal serum AP levels in obese children. Subjects and measurements: We studied 27 normal weight ( NW) and 23 overweight (OW) girls. Gonadotropins and steroid hormones were assessed in all patients. Results: Basal AP concentrations in OW girls were significantly higher than in NW controls (P = 0.013). There was no difference found between the other gonadal and adrenal hormones. Considering the pubertal stage, we demonstrated that obese pubertal girls presented higher AP concentrations than prepubertal and pubertal NW ones ( P = 0.020), and higher dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels with respect to prepubertal obese girls, and prepubertal and pubertal NW patients ( P = 0.025). AP and DHEAS were significantly directly related to weight (r = 0.31 and r = 0.54, respectively) and body mass index ( r = 0.29 and r = 0.34, respectively). In pubertal OW girls, a significant positive correlation between AP and DHEAS ( r = 0.60), A ( r = 0.72) and luteinizing hormone ( r = 0.64) levels was demonstrated. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that AP is hypersecreted in children and adolescent with OW involving DHEAS concentrations, too. Our data suggest a possible role of AP in the regulation of neuroendocrine axis related to obesity. We can also speculate that in OW girls, who could manifest emotional and behavioral problems, a part of higher levels of this neuroactive steroid might act as gamma-aminobutyric acid agonist producing anxiolytic-sedative effects.

High basal serum allopregnanolone levels in overweight girls / Predieri, Barbara; Luisi, S; Casarosa, E; De Simone, M; Balli, Fiorella; Bernasconi, S; Rossi, M; Petraglia, F; Iughetti, Lorenzo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY. - ISSN 0307-0565. - STAMPA. - 31(3):(2007), pp. 543-549. [10.1038/sj.ijo.0803406]

High basal serum allopregnanolone levels in overweight girls

PREDIERI, Barbara;BALLI, Fiorella;IUGHETTI, Lorenzo
2007

Abstract

Objective: Several studies demonstrated that obese subjects have a hyperactive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and that sex steroid hormones have been closely related to the regulation of adiposity, either through direct or indirect physiological mechanisms. Allopregnanolone (3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregn-20-one; AP) is a circulating neuroactive steroid hormone involved in the modulation of behavioral functions, stress and neuroendocrine axis. The aim of our study was to evaluate basal serum AP levels in obese children. Subjects and measurements: We studied 27 normal weight ( NW) and 23 overweight (OW) girls. Gonadotropins and steroid hormones were assessed in all patients. Results: Basal AP concentrations in OW girls were significantly higher than in NW controls (P = 0.013). There was no difference found between the other gonadal and adrenal hormones. Considering the pubertal stage, we demonstrated that obese pubertal girls presented higher AP concentrations than prepubertal and pubertal NW ones ( P = 0.020), and higher dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels with respect to prepubertal obese girls, and prepubertal and pubertal NW patients ( P = 0.025). AP and DHEAS were significantly directly related to weight (r = 0.31 and r = 0.54, respectively) and body mass index ( r = 0.29 and r = 0.34, respectively). In pubertal OW girls, a significant positive correlation between AP and DHEAS ( r = 0.60), A ( r = 0.72) and luteinizing hormone ( r = 0.64) levels was demonstrated. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that AP is hypersecreted in children and adolescent with OW involving DHEAS concentrations, too. Our data suggest a possible role of AP in the regulation of neuroendocrine axis related to obesity. We can also speculate that in OW girls, who could manifest emotional and behavioral problems, a part of higher levels of this neuroactive steroid might act as gamma-aminobutyric acid agonist producing anxiolytic-sedative effects.
31(3)
543
549
High basal serum allopregnanolone levels in overweight girls / Predieri, Barbara; Luisi, S; Casarosa, E; De Simone, M; Balli, Fiorella; Bernasconi, S; Rossi, M; Petraglia, F; Iughetti, Lorenzo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY. - ISSN 0307-0565. - STAMPA. - 31(3):(2007), pp. 543-549. [10.1038/sj.ijo.0803406]
Predieri, Barbara; Luisi, S; Casarosa, E; De Simone, M; Balli, Fiorella; Bernasconi, S; Rossi, M; Petraglia, F; Iughetti, Lorenzo
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
IJO final paper.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Post-print dell'autore (bozza post referaggio)
Dimensione 133.06 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
133.06 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/611900
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact