The paper reports a numerical activity on the investigation of the spray evolution within the combustion chamber of an automotive DISI engine under low-temperature cranking operations. In view of the high injected fuel amount and the strongly reduced fuel vaporisation at cold cranking, wall wetting becomes a critical issue. Under such conditions, fuel deposits around the spark plug region can affect the ignition process, and even prevent engine start-up. In fact, due to the low injection pressure at engine start-up, the fuel shows almost negligible atomisation and breakup, and the spray structure at the swirl-type injector nozzle is characterized by a single column of liquid fuel, strongly limiting the subsequent vaporisation and enhancing the fuel-wall interaction.In order to properly investigate and understand the many involved phenomena, experimental visualisation of the full injection process by means of an optically accessible engine would be a very useful tool. Nevertheless, the application of such technique, far from being feasible from an industrial point of view, appears to be very difficult even in research laboratories, due to the relevant wall wetting at cranking conditions.CFD analyses prove therefore to be the sole chance to gain a full insight of the overall process, to correlate spark plug wetting to both the combustion chamber design and the injection profile and eventually address either design modifications or changes in the injection strategies. In order to limit the overall number of modelling uncertainties, and to validate the spray model under actual cranking conditions, comparisons with available experimental data at low temperature and low injection pressure were performed and are reported in the paper.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||CFD investigation of wall wetting in a GDI engine under low temperature cranking operations|
|Autori:||Malaguti, Simone; Fontanesi, Stefano; Cantore, Giuseppe; A., Rosetti; R., Lupi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.4271/2009-01-0704|
|Data del convegno:||Aprile 2009|
|Nome del convegno:||SAE 2010 World Congress|
|Luogo del convegno:||Detroit (USA)|
|Titolo del libro:||SAE2009 World Congress|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Relazione in Atti di Convegno|
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