BACKGROUND: Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) and Homozygous Familial Hypobetalipoproteinemia (Ho-FHBL) are rare monogenic diseases characterised by very low plasma levels of cholesterol and triglyceride and the absence or a great reduction of apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins. ABL results from mutations in the MTP gene; Ho-FHBL may be due to mutations in the APOB gene. METHODS: We sequenced MTP and APOB genes in three Tunisian children, born from consanguineous marriage, with very low levels of plasma apoB-containing lipoproteins associated with severe intestinal fat malabsorption. RESULTS: Two of them were found to be homozygous for two novel mutations in intron 5 (c.619-3T>G) and in exon 8 (c.923 G>A) of the MTP gene, respectively. The c.619-3T>G substitution caused the formation of an abnormal mRNA devoid of exon 6, predicted to encode a truncated MTP of 233 amino acids. The c.923 G>A is a nonsense mutation resulting in a truncated MTP protein (p.W308X). The third patient was homozygous for a novel nucleotide deletion (c.2172delT) in exon 15 of APOB gene resulting in the formation of a truncated apoB of 706 amino acids (apoB-15.56). CONCLUSIONS: These mutations are expected to abolish the apoB lipidation and the assembly of apoB-containing lipoproteins in both liver and intestine.
Identification of patients with abetalipoproteinemia and homozygous familial hypobetalipoproteinemia in Tunisia / M., Najah; E., Di Leo; J., Awatef; Magnolo, Antonia Lucia; J., Imene; Pinotti, Elisa; M., Bahri; S., Barsaoui; I., Brini; M., Fekih; M. N., Slimane; Tarugi, Patrizia Maria. - In: CLINICA CHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0009-8981. - STAMPA. - 401:1-2(2009), pp. 51-56. [10.1016/j.cca.2008.11.012]