1. The depolarization-evoked release of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and its modulation mediated by autoreceptors were investigated in superfused synaptosomes prepared from fresh human cerebral cortex. 2. The release of [3H]-GABA provoked by 15 mM K+ from human cortex nerve endings was almost totally (85%) calcium-dependent. 3. In the presence of the GABA uptake inhibitor SK&F 89976A (N-(4,4-diphenyl-3-butenyl)-nipecotic acid), added to prevent carrier-mediated homoexchange, GABA (1-10 microM) decreased in a concentration-dependent manner the K+-evoked release of [3H]-GABA. The effect of GABA was mimicked by the GABAB receptor agonist (-)-baclofen (1-100 microM) but not by the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol (1-100 microM). Moreover, the GABA-induced inhibition of [3H]-GABA release was not affected by two GABAA receptor antagonists, bicuculline or SR 95531 (2-(3'-carbethoxy-2'-propenyl)-3-amino-6-paramethoxy-phenyl-pyr idazinium bromide). 4. (-)-Baclofen also inhibited the depolarization-evoked release of endogenous GABA from human cortical synaptosomes. 5. It is concluded that GABA autoreceptors regulating the release of both newly taken up and endogenous GABA are present in human brain and appear to belong to the GABAB subtype.

Release-regulating autoreceptors of the GABAB-type in human cerebral cortex / Bonanno, G; Cavazzani, P; ANDRIOLI G., C; Asaro, D; Pellegrini, Graziella; Raiteri, M.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - STAMPA. - 96(1989), pp. 341-346.

Release-regulating autoreceptors of the GABAB-type in human cerebral cortex

PELLEGRINI, Graziella;
1989

Abstract

1. The depolarization-evoked release of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and its modulation mediated by autoreceptors were investigated in superfused synaptosomes prepared from fresh human cerebral cortex. 2. The release of [3H]-GABA provoked by 15 mM K+ from human cortex nerve endings was almost totally (85%) calcium-dependent. 3. In the presence of the GABA uptake inhibitor SK&F 89976A (N-(4,4-diphenyl-3-butenyl)-nipecotic acid), added to prevent carrier-mediated homoexchange, GABA (1-10 microM) decreased in a concentration-dependent manner the K+-evoked release of [3H]-GABA. The effect of GABA was mimicked by the GABAB receptor agonist (-)-baclofen (1-100 microM) but not by the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol (1-100 microM). Moreover, the GABA-induced inhibition of [3H]-GABA release was not affected by two GABAA receptor antagonists, bicuculline or SR 95531 (2-(3'-carbethoxy-2'-propenyl)-3-amino-6-paramethoxy-phenyl-pyr idazinium bromide). 4. (-)-Baclofen also inhibited the depolarization-evoked release of endogenous GABA from human cortical synaptosomes. 5. It is concluded that GABA autoreceptors regulating the release of both newly taken up and endogenous GABA are present in human brain and appear to belong to the GABAB subtype.
96
341
346
Release-regulating autoreceptors of the GABAB-type in human cerebral cortex / Bonanno, G; Cavazzani, P; ANDRIOLI G., C; Asaro, D; Pellegrini, Graziella; Raiteri, M.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - STAMPA. - 96(1989), pp. 341-346.
Bonanno, G; Cavazzani, P; ANDRIOLI G., C; Asaro, D; Pellegrini, Graziella; Raiteri, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/585246
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