In this paper we propose a Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) approach to implement a preliminary architecture for force-feedback control in steer-by-wire (SBW) applications. A brushless motor is used as force feedback actuator. The determination of the position of the rotor plays a key role in the control algorithm.To obtain a reliable rotor position a hybrid redundancy has been implemented. The position signals of the encoder integrated on the motor are computed in three different ways: using a 8-bit microcontroller, a 16-bit microcontroller, and, last, using a FPGA. A virtual hardware platform operates as voter. The position estimated by the voter is used by the 16-bit platform to generate the PWM signals needed to control the motor.The voter executes a simple self diagnostic process, too and in case of failure in more than one module performs a reconfigurations of the system and the position estimated by a fourth back-up module is used by the 16-bit microcontroller to implement the motor control algorithm.In particular, the results of Hardware-in-the-Loop experiments show as using a redundant architecture like the one proposed in this paper, it is possible to control the motor in order to recreate on a steering wheel (directly connected to the motor) a drive feeling like the one produced by a traditional steering system also in case of failure in one, or more than one module, of the system.

Control of Brushless Motor with Hybrid Redundancy for Force Feedback in Steer-by-Wire Applications / Bertacchini, Alessandro; Tamagnini, Luca; L., Fergnani; Pavan, Paolo. - ELETTRONICO. - (2005), pp. 1-6. ((Intervento presentato al convegno IECON05 - 31st Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Engineering Society tenutosi a Raleigh, North Carolina, USA nel November 6-10.

Control of Brushless Motor with Hybrid Redundancy for Force Feedback in Steer-by-Wire Applications

BERTACCHINI, Alessandro;TAMAGNINI, Luca;PAVAN, Paolo
2005

Abstract

In this paper we propose a Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) approach to implement a preliminary architecture for force-feedback control in steer-by-wire (SBW) applications. A brushless motor is used as force feedback actuator. The determination of the position of the rotor plays a key role in the control algorithm.To obtain a reliable rotor position a hybrid redundancy has been implemented. The position signals of the encoder integrated on the motor are computed in three different ways: using a 8-bit microcontroller, a 16-bit microcontroller, and, last, using a FPGA. A virtual hardware platform operates as voter. The position estimated by the voter is used by the 16-bit platform to generate the PWM signals needed to control the motor.The voter executes a simple self diagnostic process, too and in case of failure in more than one module performs a reconfigurations of the system and the position estimated by a fourth back-up module is used by the 16-bit microcontroller to implement the motor control algorithm.In particular, the results of Hardware-in-the-Loop experiments show as using a redundant architecture like the one proposed in this paper, it is possible to control the motor in order to recreate on a steering wheel (directly connected to the motor) a drive feeling like the one produced by a traditional steering system also in case of failure in one, or more than one module, of the system.
IECON05 - 31st Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Engineering Society
Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
November 6-10
1
6
Bertacchini, Alessandro; Tamagnini, Luca; L., Fergnani; Pavan, Paolo
Control of Brushless Motor with Hybrid Redundancy for Force Feedback in Steer-by-Wire Applications / Bertacchini, Alessandro; Tamagnini, Luca; L., Fergnani; Pavan, Paolo. - ELETTRONICO. - (2005), pp. 1-6. ((Intervento presentato al convegno IECON05 - 31st Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Engineering Society tenutosi a Raleigh, North Carolina, USA nel November 6-10.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/464206
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