A first-principles calculation of the impurity screening in Si and Ge nanocrystals is presented. We show that isocoric screening gives results in agreement with both the linear response and the point-charge approximations. Based on the present ab initio results, and by comparison with previous calculations, we propose a physical real-space interpretation of the several contributions to the screening. Combining the Thomas-Fermi theory and simple electrostatics, we show that it is possible to construct a model screening function that has the merit of being of simple physical interpretation. The main point upon which the model is based is that, up to distances of the order of a bond length from the perturbation, the charge response does not depend on the nanocrystal size. We show in a very clear way that the link between the screening at the nanoscale and in the bulk is given by the surface polarization. A detailed discussion is devoted to the importance of local field effects...

Screening in semiconductor nanocrystals: Ab initio results and Thomas-Fermi theory / F., Trani; D., Ninno; G., Cantele; G., Iadonisi; K., Hameeuw; Degoli, Elena; Ossicini, Stefano. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - STAMPA. - 73:(2006), pp. 245430-1-245430-7.

Screening in semiconductor nanocrystals: Ab initio results and Thomas-Fermi theory

DEGOLI, Elena;OSSICINI, Stefano
2006

Abstract

A first-principles calculation of the impurity screening in Si and Ge nanocrystals is presented. We show that isocoric screening gives results in agreement with both the linear response and the point-charge approximations. Based on the present ab initio results, and by comparison with previous calculations, we propose a physical real-space interpretation of the several contributions to the screening. Combining the Thomas-Fermi theory and simple electrostatics, we show that it is possible to construct a model screening function that has the merit of being of simple physical interpretation. The main point upon which the model is based is that, up to distances of the order of a bond length from the perturbation, the charge response does not depend on the nanocrystal size. We show in a very clear way that the link between the screening at the nanoscale and in the bulk is given by the surface polarization. A detailed discussion is devoted to the importance of local field effects...
73
245430-1
245430-7
Screening in semiconductor nanocrystals: Ab initio results and Thomas-Fermi theory / F., Trani; D., Ninno; G., Cantele; G., Iadonisi; K., Hameeuw; Degoli, Elena; Ossicini, Stefano. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS. - ISSN 1098-0121. - STAMPA. - 73:(2006), pp. 245430-1-245430-7.
F., Trani; D., Ninno; G., Cantele; G., Iadonisi; K., Hameeuw; Degoli, Elena; Ossicini, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/459181
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