The behavioral response to acute tissue injury is usually characterized by different phases, but the brain mechanisms underlying changes in pain-related behavior over time are still poorly understood. We aimed to analyze time-dependent changes in metabolic activity levels of 49 forebrain structures in the formalin pain model, using the autoradiographic 2-deoxyglucose method in unanesthetized, freely moving rats. We examined rats during the first phase of pain-related reactions ('early' groups), or during the third recovery phase, 60 min later, when the supraspinally mediated behavioral responses were reduced ('late' group). In the early groups, metabolic rates were bilaterally increased over control values in the periaqueductal gray, zona incerta and in several thalamic nuclei (anteroventral, centrolateral, lateral dorsal, parafascicular, posteromedial, submedius, ventromedial, and ventrobasal complex), as well as in the habenulae and in the parietal, cingulate, antero-dorsal insular, and anterior piriform cortex. A contralateral, somatotopically specific activation was found in the putative hindlimb representation area of the somatosensory cortex. In the late group, noxious-induced activation declined in most structures. However, metabolic rates were higher than controls in the periaqueductal gray and zona incerta and in two other structures not previously active: the prerubral area/field of Forel and the arcuate hypothalamic nucleus. These findings provide a time-dependent functional map of nociceptive and anti-nociceptive forebrain circuits during tonic pain. The parallel decrease in licking behavior and forebrain activity, at times when spinally mediated limb flexion responses were still present, suggests that endogenous antinociceptive systems may differently modulate spinal and supraspinal nociceptive networks following acute tissue injury. (C) 2003 International Association for the Study of Pain Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All fights reserved.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Titolo:||Independent time courses of supraspinal nociceptive activity and spinally mediated behavior during tonic pain|
|Autori:||CA Porro; M. Cavazzuti; F. Lui; D. Giuliani; M. Pellegrini; P. Baraldi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0304-3959(03)00015-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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