The presence and the role of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) were investigated in the molluscan hemocytes by immunocytochemical, biochemical and functional ap preaches. Using an anti-NOS polyclonal antibody, immunoreactivity was observed in the hemocytes, and this reactivity increased after stimulation of the animals with Escherichia coli, indicating that this enzyme is inducible. The NOS inducibility was also histochemically demonstrated by detection of NADPH-diaphorase activity. Biochemical studies show that the enzyme is 70% cytoplasmatic and 30% membrane bound and that the inducible form is mainly cytoplasmatic. The nitrite + nitrate and citrulline formation, the inhibition by N-omega-nitro-L-arginine, the Km value for arginine, the calcium and co-enzyme dependence show that the molluscan NOS shares the same properties as the NOS isoenzymes so far studied. However, it cannot be identified with any of these enzymes. It appears to be in some way similar to an inducible form of human hepatocyte NOS. Also cytokines are able to induce NOS. In vitro studies have shown that hemocytes produce nitric oxide (NO), a bactericide substance, and that there is a relationship between the NO system and phagocytosis. The presence of NO in the invertebrate hemocyte demonstrates that critical molecules have been conserved over the course of evolution.

Nitric oxide: An ancestral immunocyte effector molecule / Franchini, Antonella; Conte, Angela; Ottaviani, Enzo. - In: ADVANCES IN NEUROIMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-5428. - STAMPA. - 5:(1995), pp. 463-478.

Nitric oxide: An ancestral immunocyte effector molecule

FRANCHINI, Antonella;CONTE, Angela;OTTAVIANI, Enzo
1995-01-01

Abstract

The presence and the role of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) were investigated in the molluscan hemocytes by immunocytochemical, biochemical and functional ap preaches. Using an anti-NOS polyclonal antibody, immunoreactivity was observed in the hemocytes, and this reactivity increased after stimulation of the animals with Escherichia coli, indicating that this enzyme is inducible. The NOS inducibility was also histochemically demonstrated by detection of NADPH-diaphorase activity. Biochemical studies show that the enzyme is 70% cytoplasmatic and 30% membrane bound and that the inducible form is mainly cytoplasmatic. The nitrite + nitrate and citrulline formation, the inhibition by N-omega-nitro-L-arginine, the Km value for arginine, the calcium and co-enzyme dependence show that the molluscan NOS shares the same properties as the NOS isoenzymes so far studied. However, it cannot be identified with any of these enzymes. It appears to be in some way similar to an inducible form of human hepatocyte NOS. Also cytokines are able to induce NOS. In vitro studies have shown that hemocytes produce nitric oxide (NO), a bactericide substance, and that there is a relationship between the NO system and phagocytosis. The presence of NO in the invertebrate hemocyte demonstrates that critical molecules have been conserved over the course of evolution.
5
463
478
Nitric oxide: An ancestral immunocyte effector molecule / Franchini, Antonella; Conte, Angela; Ottaviani, Enzo. - In: ADVANCES IN NEUROIMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-5428. - STAMPA. - 5:(1995), pp. 463-478.
Franchini, Antonella; Conte, Angela; Ottaviani, Enzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/307523
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