1 S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) is the most important methyl donor in the brain and is essential for polyamine synthesis. Methyl group deficiency in the brain has been implicated in depression; on the other hand, polyamines enhance phosphorylation processes, and phosphorylation of functional proteins in neurons is involved in the therapeutic mechanisms of antidepressants. 2 The effect of SAMe in an animal model of 'depression', the chronic mild stress-induced anhedonia, was studied using long-term castrated male and female Lister hooded rats. 3 Chronic daily exposure to an unpredictable sequence of mild stressors produced, within 3 weeks, a significant reduction of the consumption of a sucrose solution. SAMe (100, 200 or 300 mg kg(-1) daily i.m.) while having no influence on sucrose intake in non-stressed animals, dose-dependently reinstated sucrose consumption within the first week of treatment, both in male and in female stressed rats. Imipramine (10 mg kg(-1) daily i.p.) produced a similar effect after a 3 week treatment. 4 Similarly, a palatable food reward-induced place preference conditioning was developed in SAMe (200 or 300 mg kg(-1) daily i.m.)- and in imipramine (10 mg kg(-1) daily i.p.)-treated chronically stressed animals (males and females), whilst it could not be obtained in vehicle-treated rats. 5 Moreover, the same doses of SAMe (but not of imipramine) restored the exploratory activity and curiosity for the environment (rearing), in the open-field test. 6 While imipramine caused a blockade of the growth throughout the treatment, SAMe produced only a transient growth arrest during the first week of treatment. 7 These results show that SAMe reverses an experimental condition of 'depression-like' behaviour in rats, the effect being more rapid and complete than that of imipramine, and without apparent side effects.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Titolo:||Influence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine on chronic mild stress-induced anhedonia in castrated rats|
|Autori:||A. Benelli; M. Filaferro; A. Bertolini; S. Genedani|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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