This paper is a thorough overview on polysilicon bipolar junction transistors' (BJTs) reliability, with focus on transistors for digital applications, where the base-emitter junction switches from forward to reverse bias (low fields) and the base-collector junction is reverse biased at high fields. The effects of base-emitter reverse biasing are generation, charging and discharging of traps in silicon oxide or at the Si-SiO2 interface near the base-emitter junction; their understanding is essential to model transistor current gain degradation and low frequency noise increase. Failure modes and mechanisms, degradation kinetics, lifetime models and physical phenomena related to device aging will be discussed. The base-emitter junction is also stressed by high currents, which lead, for example, to electromigration phenomena. The base-collector junction degradation is mainly due to high field and impactionization effects. Reliability constraints are now an important component of a correct design methodology in deep-sub-micron integrated circuits. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Degradation mechanisms in polysilicon emitter bipolar junction transistors for digital applications / L., Vendrame; Pavan, Paolo; G., Corva; A., Nardi; A., Neviani; E., Zanoni. - In: MICROELECTRONICS RELIABILITY. - ISSN 0026-2714. - STAMPA. - 40:(2000), pp. 207-230.

Degradation mechanisms in polysilicon emitter bipolar junction transistors for digital applications

PAVAN, Paolo;
2000

Abstract

This paper is a thorough overview on polysilicon bipolar junction transistors' (BJTs) reliability, with focus on transistors for digital applications, where the base-emitter junction switches from forward to reverse bias (low fields) and the base-collector junction is reverse biased at high fields. The effects of base-emitter reverse biasing are generation, charging and discharging of traps in silicon oxide or at the Si-SiO2 interface near the base-emitter junction; their understanding is essential to model transistor current gain degradation and low frequency noise increase. Failure modes and mechanisms, degradation kinetics, lifetime models and physical phenomena related to device aging will be discussed. The base-emitter junction is also stressed by high currents, which lead, for example, to electromigration phenomena. The base-collector junction degradation is mainly due to high field and impactionization effects. Reliability constraints are now an important component of a correct design methodology in deep-sub-micron integrated circuits. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
40
207
230
Degradation mechanisms in polysilicon emitter bipolar junction transistors for digital applications / L., Vendrame; Pavan, Paolo; G., Corva; A., Nardi; A., Neviani; E., Zanoni. - In: MICROELECTRONICS RELIABILITY. - ISSN 0026-2714. - STAMPA. - 40:(2000), pp. 207-230.
L., Vendrame; Pavan, Paolo; G., Corva; A., Nardi; A., Neviani; E., Zanoni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/305684
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