Objective This study evaluates the prevalence of 35delG GJB2 mutation, the most common genetic mutation causing prelingual deafness, and its screening feasibility and acceptability in pregnant women undergoing first-trimester CVS for chromosomal abnormality investigation. Methods Samples were taken from 5786 pregnant women who requested CVS for chromosomal analysis. The Samples were split into two aliquots for chromosome and DNA analysis, respectively. The results of foetal karyotyping were provided 7 days after sampling, at which time the fully informed couple decided whether or not to undergo DNA testing. Results Of the 5449 eligible candidates, 2997 (55.0%) chose to undergo 35delG testing. Among them, 67 proved to be carriers of the mutation, resulting in a prevalence rate of 1 : 44.7 (2.23%). There were no homozygous foetuses, but two double heterozygous foetuses were found, and in one case the couple chose to terminate the pregnancy. Conclusions The results confirm the high frequency of 35delG mutation in the Italian population. The study shows that prenatal screening for GJB2 mutations in pregnant women with no retrospective risk for deafness appears to be feasible and highly acceptable. Consequently, given evidence that early evaluation and treatment significantly improve speech and language skills, as well as social and emotional well-being in affected children, 35delG mutation analysis in pregnant women booking CVS primarily for chromosomal investigation could be considered a useful addition to more comprehensive population screening strategies. Copyright

First-trimester prenatal screening for the common 35delG GJB2 mutation causing prelingual deafness / Da, Coviello; B., Brambati; L., Tului; Percesepe, Antonio; F., Sironi; A., Sahai; R., Bertorelli; Forabosco, Antonino. - In: PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS. - ISSN 0197-3851. - STAMPA. - 24:(2004), pp. 631-634.

First-trimester prenatal screening for the common 35delG GJB2 mutation causing prelingual deafness

PERCESEPE, Antonio;FORABOSCO, Antonino
2004

Abstract

Objective This study evaluates the prevalence of 35delG GJB2 mutation, the most common genetic mutation causing prelingual deafness, and its screening feasibility and acceptability in pregnant women undergoing first-trimester CVS for chromosomal abnormality investigation. Methods Samples were taken from 5786 pregnant women who requested CVS for chromosomal analysis. The Samples were split into two aliquots for chromosome and DNA analysis, respectively. The results of foetal karyotyping were provided 7 days after sampling, at which time the fully informed couple decided whether or not to undergo DNA testing. Results Of the 5449 eligible candidates, 2997 (55.0%) chose to undergo 35delG testing. Among them, 67 proved to be carriers of the mutation, resulting in a prevalence rate of 1 : 44.7 (2.23%). There were no homozygous foetuses, but two double heterozygous foetuses were found, and in one case the couple chose to terminate the pregnancy. Conclusions The results confirm the high frequency of 35delG mutation in the Italian population. The study shows that prenatal screening for GJB2 mutations in pregnant women with no retrospective risk for deafness appears to be feasible and highly acceptable. Consequently, given evidence that early evaluation and treatment significantly improve speech and language skills, as well as social and emotional well-being in affected children, 35delG mutation analysis in pregnant women booking CVS primarily for chromosomal investigation could be considered a useful addition to more comprehensive population screening strategies. Copyright
24
631
634
First-trimester prenatal screening for the common 35delG GJB2 mutation causing prelingual deafness / Da, Coviello; B., Brambati; L., Tului; Percesepe, Antonio; F., Sironi; A., Sahai; R., Bertorelli; Forabosco, Antonino. - In: PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS. - ISSN 0197-3851. - STAMPA. - 24:(2004), pp. 631-634.
Da, Coviello; B., Brambati; L., Tului; Percesepe, Antonio; F., Sironi; A., Sahai; R., Bertorelli; Forabosco, Antonino
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/304863
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